RUSSIA CHARGES UKRAINE
Two further rounds of talks on energy security between the European Union, Ukraine and Russia will be held during May, the European Commission confirmed Tuesday.
The three sides held a first, joint meeting last Friday in Warsaw, Poland, to discuss Ukraine's gas debts to Russia—now estimated at more than $3.5 billion—and concerns about disruptions of gas supplies to Europe.
"We're holding these further meetings to find a solution to Ukraine's debts," said Sabine Berger, a European Commission spokeswoman. No further details about the dates or location of the talks were given.
She said the three sides had "until the end of the month to resolve the issue", adding that the commission wasn't worried that Russian gas supplies to Ukraine could be disrupted in the meantime.
Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak, his Ukrainian counterpart Yury Prodan and the EU's energy chief, Günther Oettinger, said on Friday they would come up with measures by the end of May to address Ukraine's energy debts.
But Mr. Novak said that Russian state-owned gas monopoly, OAO Gazprom, would ask that deliveries scheduled in June be paid for upfront unless Ukraine started repaying some of its debts by May 16, a move that could result in supplies being disrupted, he said.
Last month, Russia nearly doubled what it charges Ukraine to $485.50 per 1,000 cubic meters from $268.50 per 1,000 cubic meters. Kiev has said it isn't ready to pay the price demanded by Gazprom, which supplies about 30% of Europe's gas. Around half of those supplies transit through Ukraine.
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WNA - Apart from adding capacity, utilisation of existing plants has improved markedly since 2000. In the 1990s capacity factors averaged around 60%, but they have steadily improved since and in 2010, 2011 and 2014 were above 81%. Balakovo was the best plant in 2011 with 92.5%, and again in 2014 with 85.1%.
WNA - India has a flourishing and largely indigenous nuclear power programme and expects to have 14.6 GWe nuclear capacity on line by 2024 and 63 GWe by 2032. It aims to supply 25% of electricity from nuclear power by 2050.
WNA - Mainland China has 38 nuclear power reactors in operation, about 20 under construction, and more about to start construction. The reactors under construction include some of the world's most advanced, to give a 70% increase of nuclear capacity to 58 GWe by 2020-21. Plans are for up to 150 GWe by 2030, and much more by 2050.
PLATTS - "The domestic uranium mining industry needs US government assistance to survive the foreign onslaught -- particularly from Russia and Kazakhstan -- that has undermined the US uranium industry while new players -- particularly China -- will soon make the situation worse," Energy Fuels and Ur-Energy said in a petition they jointly filed with the department.