RUSSIA SANCTIONS: TOTAL & LUKOIL STOP
France's Total on Monday said its joint venture with Russia's Lukoil , to explore shale oil in western Siberia , had ground to a halt as a result of western sanctions.
The comments by , Total's chief executive, are the clearest sign that the latest round of sanctions against Russia over Ukraine will put a brake on the Kremlin's plans to develop the country's shale oil resources – which had been envisaged as a key driver of new production in the next five to 10 years. "The Lukoil joint venture is definitely stopped," said Mr de Margerie. "But it hadn't started so it doesn't have any impact [on Total]."
The latest set of sanctions announced two weeks ago by the US and EU restrict western financing and technology to various Russian energy projects, including shale. Russia's shale reserves are enormous, estimated by the US Department of Energy at 75bn barrels.
Total is also developing the $27bn Yamal liquefied natural gas project with Russian natural gas producer Novatek, and China's CNPC.
In spite of Novatek being subject to US sanctions, Mr de Margerie said he hoped Yamal could raise financing from western banks "but not in dollars". He added that the Chinese had committed to cover 60 per cent of Yamal's financing needs.
Mr de Margerie's comments came as Total used an investor day to announce plans to sell $10bn worth of assets between 2015 and 2017.
The French oil company also reduced its 2017 output goal from 3m to 2.8m barrels of oil equivalent per day.
Patrick de La Chevardiere, Total's finance director, expressed confidence the lowered production target of 2.8m barrels was achievable, saying the group had "more than 15 major projects to fuel the future growth . . . [and] two-thirds of those projects are operated by us".
Total is part of a consortium developing the troubled $50bn Kashagan oilfield in Kazakhstan, and Mr de Margerie said production would restart in the third quarter of 2016, 11 years after it was first expected to come on stream.
The project to develop the largest oilfield outside the Middle East has suffered a string of technical problems – which have resulted in billions of dollars of cost over-runs and significant delays.
"Our reputation has really been hurt, for all of us," said Mr de Margerie. "It is because of the lack of capacity . . . of working together, more than any [technical] challenges."
Mr de La Chevardiere said that Europe's refining capacity would continue to shrink because of falling demand and poor margins. He added the group could cut capacity or sell refineries.
Oil groups have all been hit by refinery overcapacity as well as weak demand for petrol and diesel in slowing western economies. This has hit earnings in groups' downstream – refining and marketing – divisions.
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WNA - Apart from adding capacity, utilisation of existing plants has improved markedly since 2000. In the 1990s capacity factors averaged around 60%, but they have steadily improved since and in 2010, 2011 and 2014 were above 81%. Balakovo was the best plant in 2011 with 92.5%, and again in 2014 with 85.1%.
WNA - India has a flourishing and largely indigenous nuclear power programme and expects to have 14.6 GWe nuclear capacity on line by 2024 and 63 GWe by 2032. It aims to supply 25% of electricity from nuclear power by 2050.
WNA - Mainland China has 38 nuclear power reactors in operation, about 20 under construction, and more about to start construction. The reactors under construction include some of the world's most advanced, to give a 70% increase of nuclear capacity to 58 GWe by 2020-21. Plans are for up to 150 GWe by 2030, and much more by 2050.
PLATTS - "The domestic uranium mining industry needs US government assistance to survive the foreign onslaught -- particularly from Russia and Kazakhstan -- that has undermined the US uranium industry while new players -- particularly China -- will soon make the situation worse," Energy Fuels and Ur-Energy said in a petition they jointly filed with the department.