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2014-09-04 18:15:00

SHALE NEED WATER

SHALE NEED WATER

Governments and businesses trying to develop tight oil and gas resources could face intense competition for water that would be used in hydraulic fracturing, the World Resources Institute said in a recent report. It found that 38% of the world's tight shale resources face high to extremely high water stress or arid conditions.

The Sept. 2 report, "Global Shale Gas Development: Water Availability," is the first publicly available water availability analysis across shale gas and tight oil resources worldwide, the environmental organization said. Its research also indicated that water availability could limit shale resource development on every continent except Antarctica.

"With 386 million people living on land above shale plays, governments and business face critical choices about how to manage their energy and water needs," said WRI Pres. Andrew Steer. "Energy development and responsible water management must go hand in hand."

The report ranked water stress across the 20 countries with the largest shale resources. It also evaluated water availability for every shale play in the 11 countries either pursuing or most likely to use fracing: Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Canada, China, Mexico, Poland, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, the UK, and the US.

Water availability and shale resources vary from country to country, making fracing's potential unique in almost every location, the report noted. It also said the potential for expansion is huge: Known shale gas deposits worldwide add 47% to global technically recoverable gas resources, and underground stores of tight oil add 11% to the world's technically recoverable oil resources.

"With many countries already facing arid conditions and high water stress around the globe, this report can help to ensure that there's enough water available for industries, farms, and people, even if shale development advances," said Paul Reig, a WRI associate and the report's lead author. "Thankfully, there are smart and practical steps that countries and businesses can take to help reduce the water risks posed by future shale development."

The report makes four recommendations:

  • Conduct water risk assessments to understand local water availability and reduce business risk.
  • Increase transparency and engage local regulators, communities, and industry to minimize uncertainty.
  • Ensure adequate water governance to guarantee water security and reduce regulatory and reputational risks.
  • Minimize freshwater use and engage in corporate water stewardship to reduce impacts on water availability.

WRI said that seven indicators were used to evaluate water availability and the associated business risks for shale development: water stress, water supply variation among months of the year, drought severity, groundwater depletion rates, largest water user, population density, and depth of shale reserves.

ogj.com

Tags: SHALE, OIL, GAS, WATER

Chronicle:

SHALE NEED WATER
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INDIA'S GAS WILL UP

REUTERS - India’s natural gas consumption is expected to rise to 70 billion cubic metres (bcm) by 2022 and 100 bcm by 2030, according to a government think tank and the Oxford Institute of Energy Studies, up from 50 bcm now. India burns just 7 percent of what top user the United States consumes in a year with about a quarter of India’s population.

SHALE NEED WATER
November, 20, 09:00:00

NORWAY SELLS OIL & GAS

Norway, which relies on oil and gas for about a fifth of economic output, would be less vulnerable to declining crude prices without its fund investing in the industry, the central bank said Thursday. The divestment would mark the second major step in scrubbing the world’s biggest wealth fund of climate risk, after it sold most of its coal stocks.

SHALE NEED WATER
November, 20, 08:55:00

OIL PRICES UP

WSJ - Light, sweet crude for December delivery rose $1.41, or 2.6%, to $56.55 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange, snapping a three-session losing streak. Brent, the global benchmark, advanced $1.36, or 2.2%, to $62.72 a barrel.

SHALE NEED WATER
November, 20, 08:50:00

U.S. RIGS UP 8 TO 915

U.S. Rig Count is up 327 rigs from last year's count of 588, with oil rigs up 267, gas rigs up 61, and miscellaneous rigs down 1 to 1. Canada Rig Count is up 24 rigs from last year's count of 184, with oil rigs up 9 and gas rigs up 15.

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