U.S. RISING UNTIL 2020
The rise in US shale oil production is currently expected to continue up until 2020, the US Energy Information Administration said in a report, after which time it will stabilize before falling the next decade.
There is a phenomenal rise in shale oil production from the three biggest areas of production in Texas and North Dakota, the report noted. Continued high prices or a reduction in extraction cost from continued innovations in production techniques will be required for this to happen, it added.
US liquid fuel production extraordinary increased over the past few years, the US Energy Information Administration report revealed, which has helped offset unplanned supply disruptions which are running at the highest level since the Iraq-Kuwait war some 24 years ago.
A new report from the US Energy Information Administration noted that oil markets since 2011 have become less price sensitive to actual and potential supply disruptions. Especially to those numerous geopolitical events that has taken place since the Arab spring and the overthrow of Libya's Muammar Gaddaffi in 2011.
From 2011 up until this July, US production of liquid fuels − crude oil, gas liquids and biofuels − grew by more than four million barrels per day. Of this, three million barrels came from the growth in crude oil production, primarily from new unconventional production techniques such as shale oil extraction.
Turning to supply disruptions, the EIA estimates that global unplanned supply disruptions averaged 3.2 million b/d during the first seven months of 2014. Of these, a vast majority came from OPEC producing nations, especially Libya, Iran and Iraq. Libya saw its production collapse last August when rebels began a year-long harbour blockade which has only now begun to be lifted. Iran's production was cut back in 2012 following the introduction of Western sanctions in response to the uncertainty over the country's nuclear intentions.
Talks between Iran and a group of Western countries together with China and Russia have been ongoing since last year and today, the Russian Foreign Ministry in a statement expressed some optimism that the talks could lead to an eventual lifting.
The result of increased US production and subsequent rise in exports of products have triggered reduced demand for foreign imports, especially from producers in Africa. This has helped to create a supply glut in the Atlantic basin which is the main reason why crude oil has come under some selling pressure in recent weeks and why Brent crude oil has seen the price of spot crude fall below deferred for the first time since 2010.
Brent crude oil, the current benchmark for the price setting of a majority of global oil transaction has now been averaging $110/b since 2011. While we have seen price spikes and major sell-offs during this time, volatility has continued to come down as the increase in non-OPEC production has helped reduce the risk in the market.
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IMF - Within the next few years, the U.S. economy is expected to enter its longest expansion in recorded history. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and the approved increase in spending are providing a significant boost to the economy. We forecast growth of close to 3 percent this year but falling from that level over the medium-term. In my discussions with Secretary Mnuchin he was clear that he regards our medium-term outlook as too pessimistic. Frankly, I hope he is right. That would be good for both the U.S. and the world economy.
IMF - The near-term outlook for the U.S. economy is one of strong growth and job creation. Unemployment is already near levels not seen since the late 1960s and growth is set to accelerate, aided by a near-term fiscal stimulus, a welcome recovery of private investment, and supportive financial conditions. These positive outturns have supported, and been reinforced by, a favorable external environment with a broad-based pick up in global activity. Next year, the U.S. economy is expected to mark the longest expansion in its recorded history. The balance of evidence suggests that the U.S. economy is beyond full employment.
U.S. FRB - Industrial production edged down 0.1 percent in May after rising 0.9 percent in April. Manufacturing production fell 0.7 percent in May, largely because truck assemblies were disrupted by a major fire at a parts supplier. Excluding motor vehicles and parts, factory output moved down 0.2 percent. The index for mining rose 1.8 percent, its fourth consecutive month of growth; the output of utilities moved up 1.1 percent. At 107.3 percent of its 2012 average, total industrial production was 3.5 percent higher in May than it was a year earlier. Capacity utilization for the industrial sector decreased 0.2 percentage point in May to 77.9 percent, a rate that is 1.9 percentage points below its long-run (1972–2017) average.
IMF - South Africa’s potential is significant, yet growth over the past five years has not benefitted from the global recovery. The economy is globally positioned, sophisticated, and diversified, and several sectors—agribusiness, mining, manufacturing, and services—have capacity for expansion. Combined with strong institutions and a young workforce, opportunities are vast. However, several constraints have held growth back. Policy uncertainty and a regulatory environment not conducive to private investment have resulted in GDP growth rates that have not kept up with those of population growth, reducing income per capita, and hurting disproportionately the poor.