LIBYAN OIL DOWN
Libya's crude oil output has fallen to a trickle amid a standoff over export rights that prevented trad ing giant Glencore from loading a tanker.
Libya's production was down to 212,000 barrels on Monday, after the largest National Oil Corp (NOC) subsidiary, AGOCO, was forced to slash output by one-third from southeastern fields, an NOC spokesman in Tripoli said.
The NOC warned that storage tanks at the eastern port of Hariga would fill up in less than three weeks if no oil is exported and that output would fall further.
The dispute over exports involves the internationally backed NOC in Tripoli and a parallel version of the NOC created by a rival Libyan government in the east of the country.
The eastern NOC made an unsuccessful bid to export oil last month and has since prevented a tanker from loading at Marsa el-Hariga port for the Tripoli NOC.
Prior to the latest dispute over exports from Hariga, Libya's oil production had already fallen to less than a quarter of the 1.6 million bpd it was producing before the 2011 uprising that toppled leader Muammar Gaddafi.
Production from AGOCO's Messla and Sarir fields has been cut to between 80,000 and 100,000 barrels per day from 230,000, as crude loadings at the Marsa el-Hariga port in eastern Libya remain suspended, a spokesman for AGOCO said.
The spokesman, Omran al-Zwai, said there were no technical or administrative problems with production at the two fields.
AGOCO is mediating indirect negotiations between the two NOCs in an effort to resolve the dispute, a Tripoli NOC official told Reuters.
Exports from Hariga account for three-quarters of Libya's oil production, and national income would be halved if they were stopped, NOC Tripoli spokesman Mohamed el-Harari said. Some production capacity could be lost permanently if oil from the southeast fields that is high in wax solidifies in pipelines, he added.
The dispute is part of a broader power struggle between factions in eastern and western Libya. The Tripoli NOC is keen to work with a new U.N.-backed unity government to revive Libya's oil production, but the government has faced resistance from groups in the east.
The unity government is designed to bring together two rival parliaments and administrations that have been operating in Tripoli and the east since 2014.
The eastern NOC shipped a cargo of 650,000 barrels from Hariga last month, but the United Nations blacklisted the tanker and it was forced to return to a western Libyan port to unload.
The authorities in the east then prevented Glencore tanker Seachance from loading at Hariga. The tanker, which was scheduled to load on April 26 to 28, was still waiting near the port, according to a Hariga port official and Reuters tracking.
Glencore was not immediately available for comment.
The eastern NOC issued a statement late on Sunday saying there was no plan to stop crude exports from Hariga, but it was concerned about a contract signed by the Tripoli NOC and Glencore, which it called "totally unfair".
Glencore sealed an export deal with NOC Tripoli last year allowing the trader exclusively to lift crude from Hariga.
Eastern NOC marketing manager Almabruk Sultan said the board of directors was trying to check whether the contract with Glencore complied with international trade laws, but they had not received a copy of the contract yet.
"The Glencore issue has nothing to do with politics," he said.
The eastern NOC has been in touch with the unity government in Tripoli as it tries to reunite the eastern and western branches, but "the process is slow", Sultan added.
"We are for the unity of both NOCs and the unity of Libya, but it has to be done in a fair and just way."
NOC Tripoli Chairman Mustafa Sanalla said the "blockade" at Hariga would achieve nothing. "In terms of legitimacy, which is what the blockaders want, it is a dead end," he said in a statement. "So I am asking them to reconsider their approach. Open the ports for the well-being of our country."
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Global energy needs rise more slowly than in the past but still expand by 30% between today and 2040. This is the equivalent of adding another China and India to today’s global demand.
Product exports have grown significantly over the past several years and are expected to continue to grow as Russian refineries add capacity to produce more high-quality products.