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2016-05-16 20:30:00

SAUDI WITHOUT REFORMS

SAUDI WITHOUT REFORMS

 

SAUDI FINANCIALS 1990 - 2016

 

SAUDI FINANCIALS 2011 - 2010

 

DUBAI—Saudi Arabia and two of its oil-exporting neighbors in the Persian Gulf had their debt ratings cut by Moody's Investors Service, as the slide in crude prices continued to afflict the region's economies.

The ratings firm during the weekend downgraded Saudi Arabia's long-term issuer ratings by a notch to A1 from Aa3 but maintained its stable outlook on the kingdom. Oman's credit rating was reduced by a notch to Baa1, while Bahrain was cut to Ba2.

The collapse in energy prices from their peaks in the middle of 2014 has hit hard the Gulf economies that rely heavily on the sale of oil to fund large-scale infrastructure projects to accommodate their fast-growing populations. Some of these countries have responded by implementing measures including cutting spending, raising taxes, reducing subsidies, issuing debt and drawing down their foreign reserves that they accumulated in recent decades when oil prices were higher.

In the case of Saudi Arabia, whose economy is the largest in the Arab world, the country's budget deficit ballooned to nearly $100 billion in 2015 because of the plunge in oil revenues. Simultaneously, its foreign reserves dropped by more than $155 billion from a peak in 2014 to below $600 billion in March, according to government data.

Moody's expects those foreign reserves to decline even further until 2019 to $460 billion. It also estimates the Saudi budget deficit to average 9.5% of its gross domestic product each year between 2016 and 2020, a shortfall that will require $324 billion in financing.

"A combination of lower growth, higher debt levels and smaller domestic and external buffers leave the Kingdom less well positioned to weather future shocks," said Moody's.

Saudi Arabia borrowed $10 billion from international banks last month and is widely expected to issue more debt later this year. But its strongest response so far to the new economic challenges is a raft of reforms announced last month, dubbed Vision 2030, aimed at reducing the country's dependence on oil. The economic overhaul involves listing part of state-owned energy giant Saudi Arabia Oil Co., known as Aramco, but also promoting non-oil industries and making the country more attractive to foreign investors.

Moody's said that without any of those reforms, Saudi Arabia's financial troubles would continue to intensify. It said the country's efforts at diversifying its economy, even if only partially successful, would improve the country's creditworthiness. At the same time, Moody's said those plans are still at an embryonic stage and their "impact remains unclear."

Moody's had previously changed its outlook on Saudi Arabia's banking sector to negative and put the country's credit rating on review for a potential downgrade. Rival ratings firm Standard & Poor's preceded Moody's in February by lowering Saudi Arabia's rating to A-minus, also citing the impact of low oil prices.

Bahrain and Oman don't have the same financial firepower as their Persian Gulf neighbors. Moody's said Bahrain's creditworthiness will continue to weaken despite efforts by the country to reduce spending. In Oman, the government's strategy to tap international debt markets may trigger more spending cuts or put pressure on the state's remaining savings.

Separately, Moody's didn't downgrade but assigned a so-called negative outlook to other Persian Gulf states the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Kuwait, also to reflect the impact of low oil prices.

wsj.com

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Earlier: 

SAUDI'S REALITY 

SAUDI WANT MORE 

SAUDI VISION 2030 

THE UNPREDICTABLE SAUDI 

SAUDI FUND $2 TRILLION

 

 

Tags: SAUDI, OIL, PRICES

Chronicle:

SAUDI WITHOUT REFORMS
2018, July, 23, 13:25:00

GLOBAL ENERGY INVESTMENT DOWN 2%

IEA - For the third consecutive year, global energy investment declined, to USD 1.8 trillion (United States dollars) in 2017 – a fall of 2% in real terms. The power generation sector accounted for most of this decline, due to fewer additions of coal, hydro and nuclear power capacity, which more than offset increased investment in solar photovoltaics.

SAUDI WITHOUT REFORMS
2018, July, 23, 13:25:00

U.S. OIL PRODUCTION + 143 TBD, GAS PRODUCTION + 1,066 MCFD

EIA - Crude oil production from the major US onshore regions is forecast to increase 143,000 b/d month-over-month in July from 7,327 to 7,470 thousand barrels/day , gas production to increase 1,066 million cubic feet/day from 69,466 to 70,532 million cubic feet/day .

SAUDI WITHOUT REFORMS
2018, July, 23, 13:20:00

U.S. INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION UP 0.6%

U.S. FRB - Industrial production rose 0.6 percent in June after declining 0.5 percent in May. For the second quarter as a whole, industrial production advanced at an annual rate of 6.0 percent, its third consecutive quarterly increase. Manufacturing output moved up 0.8 percent in June.

SAUDI WITHOUT REFORMS
2018, July, 23, 13:15:00

U.S. INVESTMENT $69.9 BLN

U.S. DT - The sum total in May of all net foreign acquisitions of long-term securities, short-term U.S. securities, and banking flows was a net TIC inflow of $69.9 billion. Of this, net foreign private inflows were $58.8 billion, and net foreign official inflows were $11.1 billion.

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