CANADA'S OIL WILL UP
According to REUTERS, Canada's oil sands production will grow by 42 percent to 3.4 million barrels per day by 2025, most of which will come from the expansion of existing facilities rather than new projects, analysts at IHS Energy said on Monday.
The million-barrel-per-day increase in output over the next nine years is less than what IHS would have estimated before the collapse in global oil prices, spokesman Jeff Marn said.
Low crude prices have forced producers such as Cenovus Energy and Royal Dutch Shell to slam the brakes on sanctioning new oil sands plants, while all projects currently under development will be completed by 2018, HIS said.
Future growth will have to come from so-called "brownfield" expansions where costs have come down as a result of lower construction activity, improved operating efficiencies and cheaper natural gas.
"We expect oil sands producers to focus future investments in the coming years onto their most economic projects - which we expect to be expansions of existing facilities," said Kevin Birn, director for IHS Energy.
"Expansions of existing facilities are better understood, quicker to first oil and lower cost to construct," he added.
HIS estimates that since 2014, the cost of building and operating a new oil sands plant has fallen by $10 a barrel, and the least expensive project - expanding an existing thermal oil sands operation - could break even at a U.S. crude price of around $50 a barrel.
U.S. crude was last trading at $46.09 a barrel, after topping $50 a barrel earlier this month for the first time in nearly a year.
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