Дорогие друзья! Больше трех лет я рассказываю вам об основных новостях, событиях, трендах на мировом рынке нефти и газа. Я делаю это бесплатно и без рекламы. Поэтому я прошу вас о помощи. Wognews нуждается в развитии. Вас больше 20 000 человек из более чем 80 стран мира. Если каждый пожертвует небольшую сумму денег, 500 или 1000 рублей, или больше, wognews станет лучше. Спасибо, Владимир Виноградов, основатель wognews.

Dear friends! For more than three years I've been telling you about the main news, events, trends in the world oil and gas market. I do it for free and without advertising. Therefore I ask you for help. Wognews needs development. You are more than 20 000 people from more than 80 countries. If each donate a small amount of money, $10, $20, $30 or more, wognews will become better. Thank you, Vladimir Vinogradov, the founder of wognews.
2016-06-07 18:50:00

U.S. BANKRUPTCY & BUBBLES

U.S. BANKRUPTCY & BUBBLES

Count the intensity of the shale oil boom — and its severe bust — as one of the unintended consequences of the Federal Reserve's efforts to buttress the economy.

The hydraulic fracturing (fracking) method of extracting oil and gas from shale rock has been around for decades, but it didn't really take off until right after the financial crisis, when a confluence of events meant smaller drillers and speculators had access to billions and billions of dollars of relatively cheap financing.

In late 2008, the Fed embarked on an unprecedented stimulus program to lower borrowing costs with the goal of igniting growth. While its easy-money policies succeeded in bringing the U.S. out of a recession, they also created an environment in which yield-hungry investors pushed into riskier U.S. assets, particularly the junk-bond market, which has nearly doubled in size since the end of 2008.

With willing lenders coupled to a worldwide commodities boom, some of the biggest beneficiaries were speculative U.S. energy companies, which tripled the amount of their debt during that period.

The increase in debt went hand in hand with a drastic increase in U.S. fracking oil production.

Correlation itself isn't causation, and shale was proving itself as a profitable way for the U.S. to become more independent from overseas oil. But fracking wouldn't have gained so much momentum so quickly without so many profligate lenders. It would have probably followed a slow, steady trajectory upward, with companies proving themselves to investors one at a time.

As it was, the spigot of cash flooding into junk bonds, master limited partnerships and other energy investment vehicles was so great it enabled both stable and shaky companies to obtain easy financing. U.S. output of oil and natural gas swelled by 42 percent from 2008 to 2014, helping create a glut that eventually overwhelmed demand.

Crude prices plunged from more than $100 a barrel to the lowest in more than a decade.

This arguably should have benefited the U.S. economy because lower gasoline prices aid consumers by lowering their fixed expenses. But the pain of investment losses largely outweighed the positive effects as investors from Main Street to pensions and foundations lent piles of money to speculative energy companies that looked increasingly fragile.

Some of those investors didn't even realize it. That's because energy debt was accounting for an ever increasing part of the overall speculative-grade debt market, meaning that anybody who wanted to put their money in junk bonds was buying a whole lot of energy, often whether they knew it or not.

It was a great bet for the investors until it wasn't.

And then they weren't interested in lending to these companies anymore, especially as a growing number of them started going bankrupt. This has become a spiral, with a lack of easy financing spurring more defaults and making investors less willing to lend to energy companies.

And that's where we are now, with a growing number of insolvencies and mounting losses, even as oil prices rebound a bit and investors start warming a bit to commodity-related companies.

Shale drillers aren't going away. Some will survive and thrive once oil prices stabilize and competitors go out of business. But this boom and bust wouldn't have been so big and painful if it hadn't been for all the leverage in these companies.

boereport.com

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Earlier: 

U.S. RIGS UP 4 

U.S. WANT YOUR MONEY AGAIN - 2 

U.S. OIL PRODUCTION DOWN 5.4% 

U.S. INVENTORIES DOWN 4.2 MB 

U.S. WERE THE LARGEST

 

 

Tags: USA, OIL, GAS, PRICE, BANKRUPTCY

Chronicle:

U.S. BANKRUPTCY & BUBBLES
September, 22, 08:50:00

RUSSIA - KURDISTAN INVESTMENT

Instead, with the planned referendum just days away, Russian state oil giant Rosneft announced its latest investment last week, to help Iraqi Kurdistan develop its natural gas industry, for domestic supplies and eventual export.

U.S. BANKRUPTCY & BUBBLES
September, 22, 08:45:00

IRAN'S GAS EXPORT: ABOVE 5 BCM

Iran exported over 5 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas during the first five months of the current Iranian calendar year (March 21-August 22), Dispatching director of National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC) announced.

U.S. BANKRUPTCY & BUBBLES
September, 22, 08:40:00

IRAQI OIL TO U.S.

Gazprom Neft has shipped its second and largest cargo of Iraqi crude to the US since the Badra field, its flagship overseas oil project, came on stream in 2014, the Russian oil company said Tuesday.

U.S. BANKRUPTCY & BUBBLES
September, 22, 08:35:00

QATAR - TURKEY LNG

Qatargas has agreed to sell 1.5 million tpy of LNG to Turkey’s BOTAŞ Petroleum Pipeline Corporation (BOTAŞ) over a period of three years

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