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2017-12-22 22:05:00

JAPAN'S LPG UP TWICE

JAPAN'S LPG UP TWICE

REUTERSJapan's liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) imports from the United States are expected to double in 2017 to a record and account for around for around half of its total purchases, government and shipping data showed.

The surge comes as shale oil and gas output lifts overall U.S. production to rival that of Saudi Arabia and Russia.

As with crude oil, the American exports displace LPG from the Middle East, where regional top producer of crude and LPG Saudi Arabia is losing market share, not least due to knock-on effects from the efforts led by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to cut production in order to prop up prices. 

LPG, a byproduct of crude oil and natural gas production, is a mixture of propane and butane and is used for cooking and as a transport fuel. It is also an important feedstock for the petrochemical industry.

With the United States not participating in any cuts, its LPG exports to Japan could hit almost 6 million tonnes by the end of 2017, shipping data in Thomson Reuters Eikon showed, virtually doubling the volumes within just one year.

“U.S. imports are good for Japan from the energy security and diversification points of views,” said Akira Yanagisawa, senior analyst at Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (IEEJ).

American LPG now meets half of Japan’s total supplies, pushing the Middle East out of the top spot.

And with U.S. oil output soaring by 80 percent since 2010 to almost 10 million barrels per day (bpd), and production expected to rise further, more American LPG is set to flood markets.

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects U.S. crude output to exceed 10 million bpd next year. Many analysts believe as well that U.S. production could rise further than the EIA’s outlook, potentially rivalling levels of top producers Russia and Saudi Arabia, who currently pump 11 million and 10 million bpd, respectively.

ADVANTAGE: USA

The wave of U.S. LPG shipments has its roots in 2013 and 2014, when Japanese importers such as Astomos Energy and Eneos Globe rushed to sign a slew of multi-year contracts hoping to benefit from cheaper American oil prices, rather than be tied down to contract prices from the Middle East.

The U.S. has become increasingly price competitive, with propane at the Texan Mont Belvieu hub at 96 cents per gallon, roughly $500 a tonne, not including freight for the voyage to Asia. That compares to the current contract price from Saudi Aramco at $590 a tonne, free-on-board.

Taking freight into account, Japanese government data shows U.S. LPG prices to be on par with, or slightly below, the cost of Middle East supplies.

Asia is the world’s biggest importer of LPG, with China, India, Japan and South Korea together taking a third of globally shipped LPG, according to trade data.

Among the main suppliers of U.S. LPG are Enterprise Products Partners  and Phillips 66 .

Major LPG shippers include Teekay, BW LPG and Dorian LPG.

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Earlier:

 SAUDIS OIL FOR JAPAN
2017, December, 11, 09:55:00

SAUDIS OIL FOR JAPAN

REUTERS - State oil company Saudi Aramco last week raised prices for all crude oil grades to Asia in January.

 

 EIA: NUCLEAR ENERGY WILL UP
2017, November, 9, 13:50:00

EIA: NUCLEAR ENERGY WILL UP

EIA projects that global nuclear capacity will grow at an average annual rate of 1.6% from 2016 through 2040, led predominantly by countries outside of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). EIA expects China to continue leading world nuclear growth, followed by India. This growth is expected to offset declines in nuclear capacity in the United States, Japan, and countries in Europe.

 

 JAPAN LNG INVESTMENT
2017, October, 16, 11:35:00

JAPAN LNG INVESTMENT

The Japanese government will offer $10 billion to support firms bidding to build liquefied natural gas (LNG) infrastructure around Asia, the Nikkei business daily said on Monday.

 

 JAPAN - INDIAN LNG
2017, October, 13, 12:45:00

JAPAN - INDIAN LNG

India will work with Japan to make long-term liquefied natural gas (LNG) import deals more affordable for its price-sensitive consumers, it said on Wednesday, as these two big importers try to secure better prices and concessions from suppliers.

 

 QATAR - JAPAN LNG TALKS
2017, May, 31, 17:35:00

QATAR - JAPAN LNG TALKS

Qatar faces rising competition from a tide of new LNG from sources including Australia, which is expected to surpass it as the world's top exporter by 2019.

 

 JAPAN'S LNG UP
2017, February, 10, 18:40:00

JAPAN'S LNG UP

The average price of spot LNG imports to Japan contracted in January 2017 was $8.40/mn Btu, up from $8/mn Btu in December 2016, the ministry of economy, trade and industry (Meti) said February 9, their highest level for two years. But Japan's IEEJ says that prices have now peaked.

 

INDIA - JAPAN COOPERATION
2017, January, 13, 18:55:00

INDIA - JAPAN COOPERATION

India and Japan should co-operate on long term contracts for LNG with a defined cost of energy which would provide a stabilizing factor for the renewable energy thrust that India is currently giving, Indian minister for power, coal, new & renewable energy and mines, Piyush Goyal said January 11 on the side-lines of the seventh India-Japan Energy Forum in New Delhi.

 

 

 

Tags: JAPAN, LPG, GAS

Chronicle:

JAPAN'S LPG UP TWICE
2018, May, 23, 10:50:00

OIL PRICE: ABOVE $79 ANEW

REUTERS - Brent LCOc1 futures fell 43 cents, or 0.5 percent, to $79.14 a barrel by 0218 GMT, after climbing 35 cents on Tuesday. Last week, the global benchmark hit $80.50 a barrel, the highest since November 2014. U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude CLc1 futures eased 25 cents, or 0.4 percent, to $71.95 a barrel, having climbed on Tuesday to $72.83 a barrel, the highest since November 2014.

JAPAN'S LPG UP TWICE
2018, May, 23, 10:45:00

HARD OIL MARKET

FT - Most oil majors can now cover dividends and capital expenditure at prices around $50 per barrel, meaning that, at $80, they make a healthy surplus.

JAPAN'S LPG UP TWICE
2018, May, 23, 10:40:00

U.S. THE WORLD'S TOP

EIA - The United States remained the world's top producer of petroleum and natural gas hydrocarbons in 2017, reaching a record high. The United States has been the world's top producer of natural gas since 2009, when U.S. natural gas production surpassed that of Russia, and the world's top producer of petroleum hydrocarbons since 2013, when U.S. production exceeded Saudi Arabia’s. Since 2008, U.S. petroleum and natural gas production has increased by nearly 60%.

JAPAN'S LPG UP TWICE
2018, May, 23, 10:35:00

U.S. - CHINA ENERGY TRADE

PLATTS - China became the largest contributor to global LNG consumption growth in 2017. It surpassed South Korea as the world's second largest LNG importer and its share of global LNG demand is expected to converge with that of Japan by 2030.

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