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2017-12-11 10:15:00

WORLD-CLASS YAMAL LNG

WORLD-CLASS YAMAL LNG

 

BLOOMBERGAs Russia's President Vladimir Putin oversees the official start of a $27 billion liquefied natural gas plant in the snow-covered tundra of northern Siberia, his mind may wander to its biggest competitor more than 3,000 miles away in Qatar.

While the two regions may have vastly different climates, Putin is determined to make Russia's Arctic competitive in the fuel that turned Qatar into the richest nation per capita. On Friday, he witnessed the loading of the first icebreaking tanker from the Yamal LNG plant, built on time despite the harsh climate and in defiance of U.S. sanctions targeting its biggest shareholder.

Operator Novatek PJSC earlier this week announced the start of production at Yamal LNG, in which Total SA, China National Petroleum Corp. and China's Silk Road Fund also hold stakes. The operator of the world's coldest LNG plant has been under U.S. sanctions imposed three years ago as Russia's relations with the U.S. soured.

"This is for sure a complicated project," Putin said at a ceremony attended by the project partners and the energy minister of Saudi Arabia. "But those who started this project took a risk, and the risk was justified, and they succeeded."

Russia, the world's biggest gas exporter, has for decades relied on pipeline supplies of the fuel to Europe as a major source of income. It now aims to build LNG plants from the Baltic region to its Pacific coast to take on the biggest current and future producers of the super-chilled fuel delivered by tanker, including Qatar, Australia and the U.S.

The first cargo will be carried on the Christophe de Margerie, the world's first icebreaking LNG tanker, named after the charismatic former Total chief executive officer who died when his plane crashed into a snowplough in Moscow three years ago. De Margerie, whom Putin praised as "a real, big friend of Russia" in 2011, forged ties with Novatek and joined its Yamal LNG project.

"We managed to build from scratch a world-class LNG project in extreme conditions to exploit the vast gas resources of the Yamal peninsula," Patrick Pouyanne, Total CEO, said in a statement on Friday. "With remarkably low upstream costs, Yamal LNG is one of the world's most competitive LNG projects."

The Yamal region potentially contains more gas than the Persian Gulf. Putin called Yamal "a mega project" and said further expansion of the plant will be ahead of schedule.

Putin ended state-run Gazprom PJSC's monopoly on LNG exports four years ago to support the industry, before this week represented by a single plant off the Pacific coast producing some 10 million tons per year. His government also freed LNG from export taxes, which are at 30 percent for Gazprom's pipeline supplies abroad, or almost 434 billion rubles ($7.3 billion) for the state budget in the first nine months of the year.

Other tax breaks, including on gas extraction, make Arctic LNG competitive in any market, even taking into account higher transportation costs, according to the nation's Energy Ministry. The region's plants may use a shorter Northern Sea Route to Asia for the five months of the year when icebreakers can still operate, thanks to which Putin aims to gain a greater foothold in the Arctic.

Saudi Arabian Energy Minister Khalid Al-Falih witnessed the feat of engineering that Yamal LNG represents for the first time, having failed at a previous attempt during the summer when bad weather prevented him from landing. The Gulf state, which seeks to replace oil with gas for power generation, is looking at investing in Novatek's future LNG projects in the Arctic, Al-Falih's counterpart Alexander Novak said in October.

Novatek, which holds 50.1 percent of Yamal LNG versus 20 percent for Total and 29.9 percent for the two Chinese partners, has said it accumulated enough Arctic resources to produce more than 70 million tons of LNG per year, approaching the current capacity in Qatar, the world's biggest producer of the gas cooled to minus 160 degrees Celsius (minus 260 Fahrenheit).

Novatek will send its first Yamal LNG cargo to China in recognition of its support and growth as a key consuming region. Chinese lenders agreed to provide $12 billion to the project, the lion's share of the budget, as the nation is on the verge of surpassing South Korea to become the biggest buyer of LNG after Japan.

The second cargo may follow shortly after with a third tanker on its way to the project's port of Sabetta, where temperatures were around minus 26 degrees Celsius Friday. Three production units of 5.5 million tons per year each are planned at Yamal LNG, with the second seen starting in the third quarter and the final one in early 2019. Novatek is also mulling a fourth smaller train of as much as 1 million tons by then. More than half of the project's fuel will go to Asia.

Yamal LNG's production is sold under long-term contracts on Asian and European markets, predominantly under oil-indexed price formulas, according to Total, which will buy 4 million tons annually from the project.

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Earlier:

АРКТИЧЕСКИЕ ИНВЕСТИЦИИ ГАЗПРОМА
2017, March, 31, 18:50:00

GAZPROM'S ARCTIC INVESTMENTS

The project has significant public importance, as it will give an impetus to economic and social development in the Russian Arctic. The Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area is home to some of Gazprom’s key fields, which are expected to provide the bulk of Russia’s natural gas in the long term. To ensure efficient field development, the transport infrastructure should be expanded accordingly.

 
 RUSSIAN GAS: ABOVE 10 BCM
2016, October, 5, 18:40:00

RUSSIAN GAS: ABOVE 10 BCM

Total pipeline gas exports through Nord Stream, Yamal, and Brotherhood rose 13% month on month and 7% year on year to 10.108 Bcm in September, the highest monthly flows seen since March and the fifth-highest total recorded for a calendar month.

 

 CHINEESE MONEY FOR RUSSIA
2016, June, 16, 18:15:00

CHINEESE MONEY FOR RUSSIA

Among the major shareholders of Yamal LNG are local gas producer Novatek (50.1%), Total (20%) and CNPC (20%). The Silk Road Fund has become the second Chinese strategic investor in the project, after China National Petroleum Corp. (CNPC) provided $5 B of investment for Yamal LNG. Under the terms of the agreement, the Silk Road Fund will provide approximately $800 MM for the implementation of the project over the next several years.

 

 THE NEXT ENERGY WAR
2016, May, 9, 19:20:00

THE NEXT ENERGY WAR

If this price drop does happen, then Norway will be caught in the crossfire, as its production is more expensive than Gazprom's. Further, Gazprom has already developed the giant Bovanenkovo field in the Yamal Peninsula, where output has been curtailed as export markets and Gazprom's own domestic demand have have not required the additional gas. This means it is in a position to bring more cheap gas to market at little additional cost beyond transport. For Norway, however, adding more production capacity entails more capital expenditure.

 

 NOVATEK NEEDS $12 BLN
2016, April, 26, 19:30:00

NOVATEK NEEDS $12 BLN

Russia's largest independent gas producer Novatek plans to raise further $12bn in external financing for the Yamal LNG project, said Novatek CEO Leonid Mikhelson.

 

 РУССКО - КИТАЙСКАЯ СДЕЛКА
2016, March, 19, 19:05:00

RUSSIAN - CHINESE TRANSACTION

OAO NOVATEK announced the closing of a transaction to sell a 9.9% equity stake in the Yamal LNG project (“Project”) to China’s Silk Road Fund (“SRF”) for a payment amounting to EUR 1,087 million.

 YAMAL LNG DESISION
2015, November, 19, 19:40:00

YAMAL LNG DESISION

The financing problems for the project stems from U.S.-led sanctions against Russia’s oil and natural gas sector over Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in early 2014. Also, in June the EU extended economic sanctions on Russia until January 3, in a move that media said at the time was “keeping up pressure on Moscow to help resolve the Ukraine conflict.”

 

 

 

Tags: RUSSIA, GAS, LNG, NOVATEK, YAMAL

Chronicle:

WORLD-CLASS YAMAL LNG
2018, January, 19, 12:15:00

S.KOREA'S DIVERSIFICATION

PLATTS - For full-year 2017, South Korea's crude imports from its biggest supplier Saudi Arabia fell 1.7% to 319.02 million barrels, compared with 324.45 million barrels in the previous year, customs data showed. On the contrary, South Korea has imported 1.77 million mt, or around 13 million barrels, of crude from the US in 2017, about four times higher than in 2016. Shipments from Russia grew to 140,000 b/d last year from 112,000 b/d in 2016.

WORLD-CLASS YAMAL LNG
2018, January, 19, 12:10:00

ADNOC'S 2030 STRATEGY

AOG - ADNOC’s 2030 strategy, he said, aims to capitalise on predicted global economic growth and demand for oil and petrochemical products, particularly in non-OECD countries. As its business responds to changing market dynamics, the company will continue to broaden its partnership base, strengthen its profitability, adapt to new realities and expand market access.

WORLD-CLASS YAMAL LNG
2018, January, 19, 12:05:00

TOSHIBA SELLS WESTINGHOUSE

WNN - Under the terms of the assignment and purchase agreement it has signed with Nucleus and Brookfield, Toshiba will sell its rights to assert claims against Westinghouse related to the parent guarantees in the amount of $5.788 billion, and on account of other claims Toshiba holds against Westinghouse in the amount of $2.284 billion to Nucleus, for the sale price of $2.160 billion.

WORLD-CLASS YAMAL LNG
2018, January, 17, 23:50:00

OIL PRICES: NOT ABOVE $70 YET

REUTERS - Brent crude futures LCOc1 were at $69.23 a barrel at 0808 GMT, up 8 cents from their last close, but down from a high of $69.37 earlier in the day. Brent on Monday rose to $70.37 a barrel, its highest since December 2014, the start of a three-year oil price slump. U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures CLc1 were at $63.84 a barrel, down from a high of $63.89 earlier, but up 11 cents from their last settlement. WTI hit $64.89 on Tuesday, also the highest since December 2014.

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