Здравствуйте. Вся информация этого сайта бесплатна. Вы можете сделать пожертвование и поддержать наше развитие. Спасибо.

Hello. All information of this site is free of charge. You can make a donation and support our development. Thank you.

2017-07-19 14:35:00

CLEAN ENERGY PROBLEMS

CLEAN ENERGY PROBLEMS

FT -  A transition from fossil fuels to mitigate the impacts of climate change will require large amounts of metals and rare earth elements that could create environmental challenges, the World Bank has warned.

Technologies needed to meet the Paris climate agreement from wind, solar, and electricity systems are "more material-intensive" than our current fossil-fuel supply systems, a report by the bank said.

The mining or extraction of metals and rare earth elements could create environmental problems in terms of energy, water and land use, the report said.

"If not properly managed minerals [to combat] climate change could constitute a bottleneck vis-a-vis our policies on global warming," Riccardo Puliti, global head of the energy and extractives practice group at the World Bank, told the Financial Times.

Metals demand could double due to growth in wind turbines and solar panels and there could be a more than 1,000 per cent increase in lithium demand for batteries, the bank said.

Governments need to realise that mineral development is a "complement and not a competitor to a greener, more sustainable future", said Mr Puliti.

The report comes as big miners from Glencore to Rio Tinto start to highlight their involvement in clean energy and electric car supply chains.

But little attention has been paid to the environmental challenges of meeting a rapid deployment of batteries for electric vehicles and storage of intermittent renewable energy to meet the Paris accord to limit global temperature rises to 2C this century.

Some of the largest diversified miners do not publish emissions targets that show how they will meet the Paris goals, research by the London School of Economics and Political Science has found.

"Simply put, a green technology future is materially intensive and, if not properly managed, could bely the efforts and policies of [resource] supplying countries to meet their objectives of meeting climate and related Sustainable Development Goals," the bank said.

"It also carries potentially significant impacts for local ecosystems, water systems, and communities."

There needs to be a dialogue within resource-rich developing countries between miners and the climate and clean energy communities, Mr Puliti said.

"For too long the dynamic between these groups has been predominated by polarisation and characterisations that have turned out to be self-defeating, particularly when it comes to developing coherent climate and sustainable development policies," he said.

Still, determining which exact metals will increase in demand depends on the choices of wind, solar and battery technologies, the bank said. There are a variety of different battery technologies competing for grid storage projects, from lithium-ion to so-called flow that used different materials.

Prices for cobalt, a metal mined along with copper and nickel, have jumped over the past year due to demand from batteries in electric vehicles. But even within lithium-ion batteries there are varieties of technology, some of which do not use cobalt.

The study looked at wind, solar and batteries for energy storage, using the International Energy Agency's forecasts for rollout of renewable energy to meet the Paris pledges.

-----

Earlier: 

РОСТ ПОТРЕБЛЕНИЯ ЭНЕРГИИ 

IEA: ENERGY INVESTMENT UPDOWN 

GERMANY'S RENEWABLE UP 

RENEWABLE ENERGY EFFICIENCY: 90% 

U.S. RENEWABLE ENERGY 

CHINA'S RENEWABLE INVESTMENT: $368 BLN 

BP ENERGY REVIEW

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tags: RENEWABLE, CLEAN, ENERGY, ECOLOGY

Chronicle:

CLEAN ENERGY PROBLEMS
2018, May, 23, 10:21:00

IRAN - EUROPE NUCLEAR

WNN - "We met today to confirm the continuing commitment of the European Commission and the Atomic Energy Organisation of Iran towards the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, and in particular its Annex III which addresses civil nuclear cooperation," Cañete and Ali Akhbar Salehi, president of the AEOI, said in a joint statement on 19 May. "We believe that the continuing implementation of the JCPOA, which was unanimously endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231, is crucial for the development and progress of the region as well as the global peace and security."

CLEAN ENERGY PROBLEMS
2018, May, 23, 10:15:00

NO OIL FUTURE 2040

BLOOMBERG - Natural gas will probably emerge as the main fossil fuel “winner” as it balances renewables in power generation and is used as a substitute for oil in petrochemicals. Long-term gas demand is set to increase by 15 percent, or by 750 billion cubic meters, compared to business as usual,

CLEAN ENERGY PROBLEMS
2018, May, 23, 10:10:00

CLEAN NUCLEAR FUTURE

WNN - The United States, Canada, and Japan are launching the Nuclear Innovation: Clean Energy (NICE) Future Initiative. This global effort will make sure nuclear has a seat at the table during discussions about innovation and advanced clean energy systems of the future.

CLEAN ENERGY PROBLEMS
2018, May, 23, 10:05:00

ARABIAN OIL FOR INDIA

AOG - The agreement between ADNOC and ISPRL, which was initiated in January 2017 during a visit to India by a high-ranking UAE delegation, led by His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, covers the storage of 5.86 million barrels of ADNOC crude oil in underground facilities, at the Karnataka facility. The first shipment, of approximately two million barrels of crude oil, will be followed by further shipments after India’s annual monsoon season.

All Publications »