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2018-01-24 11:45:00

IRANIAN NUCLEAR POWER - 2017

IRANIAN NUCLEAR POWER - 2017

WNA - Nuclear Power in Iran

  • A large nuclear power reactor is operating in Iran, after many years' construction, and two more are planned.
  • The country also has a major program developing uranium enrichment, which was concealed for many years.
  • Iran is now limiting its enrichment-related activities and ceasing its work on heavy water-related projects, under an internationally-agreed Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. Most enriched uranium has now been removed from the country.

Iran produced 275 TWh gross in 2014, comprising 196 TWh from gas, 59 TWh from oil, both of which it has in abundance, 14 TWh from hydro which is less reliably available, and 4.5 TWh from nuclear power. Demand is growing about 4% per year, and Iran trades electricity with Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Syria, Turkmenistan and Turkey. Net export is about 6 TWh/yr. Turkey and Iraq account for 90% of exports. Consumption in 2014 was about 223 TWh, per capita about 2700 kWh/yr.

In mid-2015 generating capacity was 74 GWe, including 12 GWe hydro. The country plans to boost generating capacity to 122 GWe by 2022, with substantial export potential.

Nuclear power developments

In 1957 a civil nuclear program was established under the US Atoms for Peace programme.

In 1974 the Shah announced a target of 23,000 MWe of nuclear capacity to free up oil and gas for export. Preliminary agreements with Siemens KWU and Framatome for four nuclear power plants were signed.

In 1975 construction of two 1,293 MWe (gross) PWR units was started 18 km south of Bushehr in Bushehr province on the Persian Gulf by Siemens KWU, based on the Biblis B reactor in Germany. The contract was actually signed in mid-1976 and some $3 billion paid. After the Islamic revolution, further payment was withheld and work was abandoned early in 1979 with unit 1 substantially complete and unit two about half complete. The plant was damaged by Iraqi air strikes in 1984-88.

At Darkhovin, on the Karun River close to the Iraq border, there were also two French 910 MWe units which in January 1979 had just started construction under a $2 billion October 1977 contract with Framatome. These were cancelled in April 1979, and their engineering components were retained in France, being built there as Gravelines C, units 5&6, which came on line in 1985. In 1992, the Islamic Republic of Iran signed an agreement with China to build two 300 MWe reactors at the Darkhovin site, similar to those at Qinshan in China and Chashma in Pakistan, but China withdrew before construction started.

The original 1974 plan called for construction of four units at Bushehr, then two units at Isfahan, 340 km south of Teheran, to come on line in mid-1980s and two units at Saveh, near Teheran. The Isfahan and Saveh units were to be 1300 MWe class KWU types with dry cooling using two 260 m tall and 170 m wide dry cooling towers. They would have been the first large nuclear plants to use dry cooling.

In 2013 and 2014 senior officials were talking of a target of 20 GWe nuclear by 2020. AEOI cites parliamentary approval for this capacity target (if not deadline) as being binding on it.

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Earlier:

 Nuclear
2018, January, 8, 19:25:00

U.S. - IRAN SANCTIONS

U.S.DT - "These sanctions target key entities involved in Iran's ballistic missile program, which the Iranian regime prioritizes over the economic well-being of the Iranian people. As the Iranian people suffer, their government and the IRGC fund foreign militants, terrorist groups, and human rights abuses," said Treasury Secretary Steven T. Mnuchin. "The United States will continue to decisively counter the Iranian regime's malign activity, including additional sanctions targeting human rights abuses. We will not hesitate to call out the regime's economic mismanagement, and diversion of significant resources to fund threatening missile systems at the expense of its citizenry."

 

 Nuclear
2017, December, 15, 12:55:00

NUCLEAR - 2050: 25%

WNN - According to the Foratom statement, World Nuclear Association Director General Agneta Rising said: "By 2050, nuclear energy must account for 25% of energy generation if we are to meet our climate targets. With nuclear making up 11% of generation in 2014, an extra 1000 GWe in nuclear capacity will need to be built by 2050. However, meeting this goal will not be easy."

 

 Nuclear
2017, November, 9, 13:50:00

EIA: NUCLEAR ENERGY WILL UP

EIA projects that global nuclear capacity will grow at an average annual rate of 1.6% from 2016 through 2040, led predominantly by countries outside of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). EIA expects China to continue leading world nuclear growth, followed by India. This growth is expected to offset declines in nuclear capacity in the United States, Japan, and countries in Europe.

 

 Nuclear
2017, November, 1, 08:50:00

RUSSIA - IRAN NUCLEAR ENERGY

ROSATOM - On the 31st of October 2017, in the Bushehr Province (Iran) the work commissioning ceremony at the main building of power unit No. 2 of Bushehr NPP (Bushehr-2 project) was held.

 Nuclear
2017, June, 20, 20:15:00

RUSSIAN NUCLEAR FUEL FOR IRAN

On 19 June 2017, ATOMEXPO-2017 IX International Forum in Moscow saw a contract signed between TVEL Rosatom Fuel Company and the Atomic Energy Organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran on delivering a reserve batch of Russian nuclear fuel of Advanced Fuel Assemblies (AFA) type for the first unit of the Bushehr NPP in 2017.

 

 Nuclear
2017, March, 29, 18:55:00

СОТРУДНИЧЕСТВО РОССИИ И ИРАНА

Особое внимание было уделено расширению сотрудничества в нефтегазовой сфере в области разведки, добычи, транспортировки углеводородного сырья. Стороны договорились продолжать конструктивное взаимодействие в рамках Форума стран – экспортеров газа, нацеленное на формирование справедливого баланса интересов производителей и потребителей газа, а также на более широкое применение этого экономически эффективного и экологически чистого ископаемого вида топлива в глобальном энергобалансе, в том числе в целях снижения выбросов парниковых газов.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tags: IRAN, NUCLEAR, POWER

Chronicle:

IRANIAN NUCLEAR POWER - 2017
2018, June, 25, 12:05:00

NOVATEK - KOGAS UNDERSTANDING

NOVATEK - According to the MOU, the parties agreed to explore opportunities for KOGAS to enter the Arctic LNG 2 project and possible LNG off-take from the project, participate in the LNG transshipment project in Kamchatka and other infrastructure projects, as well as develop cooperation in LNG trading and logistics optimization, including swap operations.

IRANIAN NUCLEAR POWER - 2017
2018, June, 25, 12:01:00

U.S. RIGS DOWN 7 TO 1,052

BAKER HUGHES A GE - U.S. Rig Count is down 7 rigs from last week to 1,052, with oil rigs down 1 to 862, gas rigs down 6 to 188 and miscellaneous rigs unchanged at 2. Canada Rig Count is up 21 rigs from last week to 160, with oil rigs up 16 to 103 and gas rigs up 5 to 57.

IRANIAN NUCLEAR POWER - 2017
2018, June, 22, 13:40:00

OIL PRICE: NEAR $74 ANEW

REUTERS - Benchmark Brent crude LCOc1 was up $1.05 a barrel at $74.10 by 0925 GMT. U.S. light crude CLc1 was 80 cents higher at $66.34.

IRANIAN NUCLEAR POWER - 2017
2018, June, 22, 13:35:00

ДОБЫЧА НЕФТИ: + 1 МБД

МИНЭНЕРГО РОССИИ - По итогам заседания расширенного мониторингового комитета большинством его участников было рекомендовано рассмотреть на предстоящей министерской встрече ОПЕК и последующей за ней министерской встрече с участием не входящих в ОПЕК стран-экспортеров нефти увеличение добычи на 1 млн барр в сутки (от текущего уровня) с распределением этого объема между участниками соглашения.

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