Китай в 2015 году стал первым импортером нефти, обогнав по этому показателю США. Также заметен тренд по увеличению доли газа в энергобалансе. Существуют 4 аспекта российского интереса: Китай – рынок сбыта, Китай – акционер, Китай – кредитор, Китай – технологический партнер.
"Everybody is trying to get a big stake in India--it is the biggest growing market in Asia," said Amrita Sen, chief oil analyst at London-based consultancy Energy Aspects.
The world’s biggest energy user increased inbound shipments to 91.1 million metric tons in the first three months of the year, data from the Beijing-based General Administration of Customs showed on Wednesday. That’s equivalent to about 7.34 million barrels a day, 6 percent higher than the previous quarter and 13 percent up from the same period last year. Imports last month fell about 4 percent from February’s record to 7.71 million barrels a day, the third-highest ever.
В нефтяной отрасли, в прошлом году отмечался прирост добычи нефти и газового конденсата (+1,4 % по сравнению с 2014 г.), был установлен новый национальный рекорд по добыче – 534,1 млн тонн. Благодаря задействованным механизмам льготирования, выросла добыча в Восточной Сибири и на Дальнем Востоке – на 7,8% до 63,5 млн тонн, на континентальном шельфе – на 17,3% до 19 млн тонн, на месторождениях с трудноизвлекаемыми запасами – на 1,2% до 33 млн тонн.
China National Offshore Oil Corp. towed the rig, known as HYSY 981, into a disputed area of the South China Sea in May 2014, triggering an uproar in Vietnam. Anti-Chinese riots broke out in several parts of the country while Chinese and Vietnamese coast-guard and fishing vessels stood off against each other at sea.
Crude output from Cepu more than tripled throughout 2015 from around 40,000 bpd in 2014, hitting around 130,000 bpd in December when Exxon commenced operation of the project's central processing facility.
Saudi Arabia is the largest supplier of crude oil to India, where oil demand grew by 5.7% last year and is expected by the International Energy Agency to increase 6.3% this year.
Gas shall play a more important role, with more shares in the total Chinese primary energy mix. And, the Chinese natural gas market is at a turning point, as indicated by many experts at Gastech 2015’s conference. The Chinese gas industry is facing many challenges also because of gas demand contraction due to the new normal Chinese economy. In the previous 10-15 years, we had double digit gas demand growth, but in 2014-2015 it was only single digits. Last year it was only 8.6%. This year, in the last 3 quarters, the growth was only 2.7%.
The prospect of Sino-Russian gas cooperation could be very broad and more importantly decades of negotiation, joint projects and interactions have laid the foundation for future cooperation.
BP’s Energy Outlook for 2016 forecasts that by 2035 shale gas will account for a quarter of total gas produced globally and China will become the world’s largest contributor to growth in shale gas production.