U.S. GAS EXPORT: $12 BLN
On an otherwise barren strip of the Louisiana coast, a crew of more than 4,000 workers has spent the past two years building what will be the largest supercooling facility for natural gas in the U.S. When it's finished late next year, Cheniere Energy's (LNG) Sabine Pass liquefaction terminal will begin chilling natural gas to -260F so it can be loaded onto tankers and sold to customers in Europe and Asia. It will be the first facility to export natural gas from the contiguous U.S.
The first phase of the Sabine Pass project will cost more than $12 billion and seemed unlikely after Cheniere bet the wrong way on the U.S. natural gas market. In 2008 it spent $2 billion to build an import terminal that quickly became useless when abundant natural gas in the U.S. ended demand for imports, cutting the price from $13 per million BTUs to less than $3 in the U.S.
For the next two years, Cheniere's stock price hovered just above $1 a share as the Houston-based company flirted with bankruptcy. In 2010, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Charif Souki bet on the shale boom and proposed the export terminal. Despite the risks, he managed to line up billions in financing; that's given Cheniere a two-year head start on the half-dozen other LNG export terminals planned along the Gulf Coast. In 2013, Souki was the highest-paid CEO of a U.S. public company ($142 million), and Cheniere is now poised to become one of the most important exporters in the global LNG market. "The impact we're having on the rest of the world sometimes surprises us," says Souki. "We're going to represent 25 percent of the gas sold to Spain. We're going to feed enough gas to England to heat 1.8 million homes."
Cheniere says it will be the largest buyer of U.S. natural gas by 2020. Its liquefaction plant in Louisiana and another planned for Texas will allow it to ship about 6 percent of all the gas produced in the U.S. It's locked buyers into 20-year contracts based on the cost of natural gas within the U.S., which averaged $4.47 per million BTUs for the first nine months of 2014. For a new customer in Asia, a delivery based on September prices would cost about $11.64, after fees. A customer in Europe would pay about $9.64. "This is the first time that there will be LNG on the market that is truly price-sensitive and totally open to the destination that needs it most," says Souki. "You won't have a few producers able to decide arbitrarily what they want to charge."
|November, 12, 12:30:00|
|November, 12, 12:25:00|
|November, 12, 12:20:00|
|November, 12, 12:15:00|
|November, 12, 12:10:00|
|November, 12, 12:05:00|
THE LOCAL FRANCE - Angola and French oil giant Total formally launched a major new offshore oil project Saturday to aid the country's economy that plunged into crisis following oil price dips in 2014.
WNN - China's State Power Investment Corporation (SPIC) says it has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for "global cooperation" in nuclear energy with Westinghouse Electric Company of the USA.
WNN - Advanced Nuclear Technologies - otherwise known as small nuclear or small reactor technologies - encompass a wide range of nuclear reactor technologies under development, BEIS noted. "The common attributes that these technologies share is that they are smaller than conventional nuclear power station reactors and are designed so that much of the plant can be fabricated in a factory environment and transported to site, reducing construction risk and making them less capital-intensive," it said.
WNN - Poland and the USA have signed a Joint Declaration of Energy Security, which emphasises the expansion of their cooperation in a variety of areas, including civil nuclear energy. The document was signed in Warsaw yesterday by Polish Energy Minister Krzysztof Tchórzewski and US Secretary of Energy Rick Perry.