Здравствуйте. Вся информация этого сайта бесплатна. Вы можете сделать пожертвование и поддержать наше развитие. Спасибо.

Hello. All information of this site is free of charge. You can make a donation and support our development. Thank you.

2018-12-03 11:35:00

SOUTH AFRICA'S NUCLEAR

SOUTH AFRICA'S NUCLEAR

WNNSouth Africa's Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) must explicitly recognise that nuclear will remain an important element of the country's energy mix, a parliamentary committee has told the country's Department of Energy.

The Portfolio Committee on Energy (PCE) made its recommendation on 27 November when it formally adopted its report on the 2018 Draft IRP, following public hearings held in October. Portfolio committees are appointed from members of South Africa's National Assembly to provide parliamentary oversight for the work of government departments.

Energy infrastructure is a critical component of South Africa's National Development Plan (NDP), which was published in 2011 and identifies the need for investment in a strong network of economic infrastructure designed to support the country's medium- and long-term economic and social objectives. The IRP plays a crucial role in contributing to the objectives of the NDP, the Committee said in its report.

South Africa's first IRP - IRP 2010 - came into effect in 2011, and was intended to be a "living plan" which would frequently be revised. Although it has been updated several times, subsequent versions have not been promulgated and therefore have not become official policy.

IRP 2010 called for construction of 9600 MWe of new nuclear capacity over the period to 2030, and state-owned utility Eskom in December 2016 released a request for information to support the future procurement of new nuclear capacity under the existing IRP. However, The South African High Court subsequently found ministerial determinations underpinning the nuclear procurement plans to be unlawful and unconstitutional, and the request as well as various intergovernmental nuclear cooperation agreements were set aside.

The 2018 Draft IRP proposes the addition of new coal, hydro, solar, wind and gas capacity which would lead to a generation mix by 2030 dominated by coal (46%), gas (16%), wind (15%) and solar (10%). Nuclear's 1860 MWe - the capacity of the country's currently operating Koeberg nuclear power plant - would represent 2.5% of installed capacity, less than hydro (6%) and pumped storage (4%).

The PCE report noted that stakeholders had through the public hearings welcomed the Department of Energy's move to delay any decisions on further nuclear investments, with some of the view that it should not be considered even beyond 2030. However, it also noted that other stakeholders had argued nuclear is "probably the world's only viable long-term bulk energy source" and "by far the safest, greenest, cleanest, most cost-effective, most environmentally friendly and most sustainable option". This does not mean that the IRP should have a pro-nuclear or any other bias, stakeholders said.

"It should have no bias. But what it should have, and will inevitably be forced to have, is a balance that includes a significant role for nuclear."

The PCE report also noted observations from stakeholders that - although the Draft IRP 2018 recommends further detailed studies on well-established energy technologies such as coal and nuclear before implementing these technologies - in-depth research, in particular on the socio-economic impact of nuclear programmes has already been conducted.

"The authors of the Draft IRP 2018 are seemingly unaware of these studies," it said.

The PCE found that, although the submissions for nuclear included in the scenarios underpinning the 2018 Draft IRP were based on a "fleet" of two 1500 MWe units over a short space time - a scenario in which nuclear became the "most expensive" technology - there was no pre-determined decision to exclude nuclear as such.

"There is no persuasive argument to counter the proposition that nuclear technology remains the cleanest, safest and in the long term the cheapest technology," the PCE found.

It recommended the Minister of Energy expedites the finalisation of the IRP 2018 during the current financial year to "restore public confidence and promote policy certainty" in the energy sector. It also called for the IRP to be reviewed every two years, and recommended that any future IRPS should be flexible enough to respond to changes in future demand, technologies and innovation, including exploring the feasibility of "new and agile approaches to energy provision" in a rapidly changing energy environment.

"[T]he IRP should make it explicit that both coal and nuclear will remain important elements of South Africa's energy mix," it said.

The Nuclear Industry Association of South Africa commended the PCE for its "visionary fact-based approach" in response to the draft IRP.

"The express endorsement of nuclear is no small feat. We call upon our leaders to do what is best for SA," the organisation said via Twitter.

 

-----

Earlier:

 S.Africa
2018, November, 22, 10:35:00

SOUTH AFRICA'S LAGGING

IMF - Some of the negative effects of the changing external environment are already being felt in South Africa despite its economic resilience.

 

 

 S.Africa
2018, August, 29, 10:10:00

SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC

WNN - A draft updated Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) approved by South Africa's cabinet on 22 August sees the country's nuclear capacity remaining at its current 1830 MWe over the period to 2030. Energy Minister Jeff Radebe yesterday released the plan for public comment.

 

 S.Africa
2018, August, 3, 09:15:00

SOUTH AFRICA: NEGATIVE GROWTH

IMF - Amid a marked growth deceleration, some of South Africa’s economic and social achievements after the end of apartheid have recently unwound. While the economy is globally positioned, sophisticated, and diversified, gaps in physical infrastructure and education create large productivity differentials across sectors. Low consumer and business confidence has dampened productivity growth. Fast growing debt has constrained policy space. As a result, per-capita growth has turned negative, the poverty rate stands at around 40 percent, unemployment has crept up to 27 percent—almost twice that level for the youth—and income inequality is one of the highest globally.

 

 

 S.Africa
2018, June, 18, 13:45:00

SOUTH AFRICA: NO BENEFITS

IMF - South Africa’s potential is significant, yet growth over the past five years has not benefitted from the global recovery. The economy is globally positioned, sophisticated, and diversified, and several sectors—agribusiness, mining, manufacturing, and services—have capacity for expansion. Combined with strong institutions and a young workforce, opportunities are vast. However, several constraints have held growth back. Policy uncertainty and a regulatory environment not conducive to private investment have resulted in GDP growth rates that have not kept up with those of population growth, reducing income per capita, and hurting disproportionately the poor.

 

 S.Africa
2018, May, 14, 11:10:00

AFRICA'S MODEST GROWTH

IMF - Sub-Saharan Africa is set to enjoy a modest growth uptick, and decisive policies are needed to both reduce vulnerabilities and raise medium-term growth prospects. Average growth in the region is projected to rise from 2.8 percent in 2017 to 3.4 percent in 2018,

 
 
Tags: SOUTH AFRICA, NUCLEAR, POWER, ENERGY
SOUTH AFRICA'S NUCLEAR February, 18, 12:30:00

OIL PRICE: ABOVE $66

SOUTH AFRICA'S NUCLEAR February, 18, 12:25:00

OIL DEMAND GROWTH 1.4 MBD

SOUTH AFRICA'S NUCLEAR February, 18, 12:20:00

BRENT OIL: UNDERVALUED

SOUTH AFRICA'S NUCLEAR February, 18, 12:15:00

U.S. OIL PRODUCTION 11.9 MBD AGAIN

SOUTH AFRICA'S NUCLEAR February, 18, 12:10:00

BENEFIT FOR RUSSIA

SOUTH AFRICA'S NUCLEAR February, 18, 12:05:00

LATIN AMERICA ENERGY FORUM FEBRUARY 2019

All Publications »

Chronicle:

SOUTH AFRICA'S NUCLEAR
2019, February, 18, 12:00:00

БЫСТРАЯ СИЛА СИБИРИ

ГАЗПРОМ - Как отметил по итогам переговоров Алексей Миллер, «строительство газопровода „Сила Сибири“ идет с опережением графика, „Газпром“ начнет поставки газа в Китай раньше намеченного срока — уже с 1 декабря 2019 года».

SOUTH AFRICA'S NUCLEAR
2019, February, 18, 11:55:00

U.S. TIGHT OIL PRODUCTION 7 MBD

U.S. EIA - In December 2018, U.S. shale and tight plays produced about 65 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) of natural gas (70% of total U.S. dry gas production) and about 7 million barrels per day (b/d) of crude oil (60% of total U.S. oil production). A decade ago, in December 2008, shale gas and tight oil accounted for 16% of total U.S. gas production and about 12% of U.S. total crude oil production.

SOUTH AFRICA'S NUCLEAR
2019, February, 18, 11:50:00

U.S. SHALE NEED INVESTMENT

REUTERS - On Thursday, the regional price of crude was at a $1.10 a barrel premium to U.S. crude futures, the strongest in more than a year as companies including Parsley Energy, Pioneer Natural Resources, Goodrich Petroleum Corp have pared their exploration budgets, easing the constraints.

SOUTH AFRICA'S NUCLEAR
2019, February, 18, 11:45:00

U.S. INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION DOWN 0.6%

U.S. FRB - Industrial production decreased 0.6 percent in January after rising 0.1 percent in December.

All Publications »