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2018-03-12 08:35:00

CHINA'S INVESTMENT FOR AFRICA: $35 BLN

CHINA'S INVESTMENT FOR AFRICA: $35 BLN

FT -  Africa attracted more Chinese state lending for energy infrastructure than any other region last year, highlighting Beijing's view of the continent's growing economic and strategic importance.

A study by Boston University academics shows that nearly one-third, or $6.8bn, of the $25.6bn that China's state-owned development banks lent last year to energy projects worldwide went to African countries. This was ahead of south Asia, with $5.84bn.

The loans bring total Chinese energy finance in Africa since 2000 to $34.8bn. While this is well behind the $69bn lent in Europe and Central Asia, the $62bn in Latin America and the $60bn in Asia over the same period, the 2017 data illustrate Africa's growing importance.

"China is trying to replicate its model of development in Africa to show the world that the Chinese economic model really works," said Yu Jie of LSE Ideas, a think-tank based at London School of Economics.

The strong lending follows a 2015 promise by Xi Jinping, China's leader, for a total of $60bn in Chinese investments to Africa by the end of this year to demonstrate what he called a "common future". Statistics on how close Beijing is to realising the overall $60bn target are not yet available, analysts said.

Some soundings, though, suggest a growing affinity. An 2016 Afrobarometer survey of 36 African countries found that 63 per cent of Africans found China's influence "somewhat" or "very" positive. Asked which countries provided the best development model for Africa, China placed second only to the US with 24 per cent and 30 per cent respectively.

Financing energy projects is one of the main strands in China's push to win market share and diplomatic friends in developing counties by building much-needed infrastructure.

Power generation and transmission were the largest lending segment, accounting for $22.3bn of the total, with the remainder being going to oil and gas exploration and extraction, according to data from Boston University's Global Development Policy Centre. All the $6.8bn in 2017 lending to Africa was for power projects.

Geographically, the lending has been concentrated into six countries, with Angola, Nigeria, Zambia, Uganda, South Africa and Sudan getting $23.8bn of the total $34.8bn since 2000. The Boston University data tracks loans from the China Development Bank and Export-Import Bank of China, the world's two largest development banks.

The door to Chinese lenders has been left open by a comparative lack of action from the western-backed multilateral lenders. "Traditional multilateral development banks have not been forthcoming in big energy and China has been more than willing to fill the void," said Kevin Gallagher, professor of global development policy at Boston University.

In addition, Prof Gallagher said, Africa's demographic explosion, which is likely to lead to an additional 1.3bn people on the continent by 2050, underscored the demand for power generation and transmission for decades to come.

Further momentum behind China's engagement with Africa has come from the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a signature programme of Mr Xi to finance and build infrastructure in more than 80 countries in Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe.

In Asia and Europe, Beijing has experienced some resistance to the BRI, largely because of the size of debt burdens being incurred by some recipient countries and criticism over a perceived lack of contracts being awarded to local contractors. In Africa, so far, the BRI roll-out has been comparatively smooth, analysts said.

However, Rex Tillerson, the US secretary of state who is on a five-nation tour of Africa, warned on Thursday that the continent should be careful when accepting Chinese investment, saying countries should "not forfeit any elements of your sovereignty as you enter into such arrangements with China".

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Earlier:

 RUSSIA DISCUSSES AFRICA'S NUCLEAR
2018, March, 9, 13:15:00

RUSSIA DISCUSSES AFRICA'S NUCLEAR

WNN - Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov is this week discussing the prospect of closer economic and political ties, including nuclear energy projects, in a number of African countries. Lavrov has so far visited Angola, Namibia, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, and will complete his trip to the region in Ethiopia.

 

 SOUTH AFRICA'S GAS UP
2018, February, 2, 12:05:00

SOUTH AFRICA'S GAS UP

EIA - South Africa is one of the world’s leading emitters of energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2), ranking fifteenth globally in 2015 and accounting for more than any other country in Africa. In an effort to reduce CO2 emissions, South Africa is planning to diversify its energy portfolio, replacing coal with lower CO2-emitting fuels such as natural gas and renewable sources. The country’s Intended National Determined Contribution, submitted as part of the Paris Agreement, plans for CO2 emissions to peak by 2025, remain flat for a decade, and begin to decline around 2035.

 

 AFRICA NEEDS GOOD PRICE
2017, December, 15, 13:15:00

AFRICA NEEDS GOOD PRICE

BLOOMBERG - The region’s median government debt level will probably exceed 50 percent of gross domestic product this year from 34 percent in 2013, while the cost of servicing the liabilities will average almost 10 percent compared with half that four years ago, the International Monetary Fund said.

 

 NIGERIA NEEDS TIME
2017, September, 15, 08:50:00

NIGERIA NEEDS TIME

Emmanuel Kachikwu, Nigeria’s minister of state for petroleum resources, told the Financial Times that the west African nation’s energy sector was still suffering from years of violent disruptions and needed more “recovery time” before joining a supply deal agreed last year between some of the world’s biggest oil producers.

 

 CHINA'S GLOBAL ENERGY
2017, May, 16, 12:10:00

CHINA'S GLOBAL ENERGY

Cooperation will focus on grid planning, fundamental research, policy coordination, project development and information sharing, according to the deals signed between GEIDCO and the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, the African Union Commission, the League of Arab States and the grid management bureau with the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf.

 

 WBG - AFRICA'S ECOMOMIC DIFFICULTIES
2017, April, 12, 17:30:00

WBG - AFRICA'S ECOMOMIC DIFFICULTIES

Nigeria, South Africa, and Angola, the continent’s largest economies, are seeing a rebound from the sharp slowdown in 2016, but the recovery has been slow due to insufficient adjustment to low commodity prices and policy uncertainty. Furthermore, several oil exporters in the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) are facing economic difficulties.

 

 WBG: SUSTAINABLE AFRICA
2017, March, 24, 19:05:00

WBG: SUSTAINABLE AFRICA

The scaled-up IDA financing will build on a portfolio of 448 ongoing projects in Africa totaling about $50 billion. Of this, a $1.6 billion financing package is being developed to tackle the impending threat of famine in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa and other regions.

Tags: CHINA, ENERGY, INVESTMENT, AFRICA

Chronicle:

CHINA'S INVESTMENT FOR AFRICA: $35 BLN
2018, September, 19, 13:43:00

ЦЕНА URALS: $74,45568

МИНФИН РОССИИ - Средняя цена на нефть Urals за период мониторинга с 15 августа по 14 сентября 2018 года составила $74,45568 за баррель, или $543,5 за тонну. Согласно расчетам Минфина России экспортная пошлина на нефть в РФ с 1 октября 2018 года повысится на $7,5 и составит $137,5 за тонну.

CHINA'S INVESTMENT FOR AFRICA: $35 BLN
2018, September, 19, 13:39:00

SAUDIS OIL PRODUCTION: 10.42 MBD

PLATTS - Saudi production has since risen to 10.42 million b/d in August, the country reported to OPEC in the organization's most recent monthly oil market report. Saudi Arabia's crude oil stocks, which have been declining steadily over the last three years, fell to 229.41 million barrels in July, down 11.4% since May 2017, the JODI data showed.

CHINA'S INVESTMENT FOR AFRICA: $35 BLN
2018, September, 19, 13:35:00

U.S. PRODUCTION: OIL + 79 TBD, GAS + 961 MCFD

U.S. EIA - Crude oil production from the major US onshore regions is forecast to increase 79,000 b/d month-over-month in October from 7,515 to 7,594 thousand barrels/day , gas production to increase 961 million cubic feet/day from 72,127 to 73,088 million cubic feet/day .

CHINA'S INVESTMENT FOR AFRICA: $35 BLN
2018, September, 19, 13:30:00

U.S. - CHINA SANCTIONS: $60 BLN

REUTERS - Beijing on Tuesday said it would tax U.S. products worth $60 billion effective Sept. 24 in retaliation for tariffs imposed by U.S. President Donald Trump in an escalating trade war.

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