Здравствуйте. Вся информация этого сайта бесплатна. Вы можете сделать пожертвование и поддержать наше развитие. Спасибо.

Hello. All information of this site is free of charge. You can make a donation and support our development. Thank you.

2018-08-29 10:10:00

SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC

SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC

WNNA draft updated Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) approved by South Africa's cabinet on 22 August sees the country's nuclear capacity remaining at its current 1830 MWe over the period to 2030. Energy Minister Jeff Radebe yesterday released the plan for public comment.

Under IRP 2018, coal would represent 46% of South Africa's installed capacity mix, followed by gas with 16% and wind with 15% and solar photovoltaic with 10%. Nuclear's 1860 MWe - the capacity of the country's currently operating Koeberg nuclear power plant - would represent 2.5% of installed capacity, less than hydro (6%) and pumped storage (4%).

South Africa's first IRP - IRP 2010 - came into effect in 2011, and was intended to be a "living plan" which would frequently be revised. IRP 2010 called for construction of 9600 MWe of new nuclear capacity over the period to 2030. State-owned utility Eskom in December 2016 released a request for information to support the future procurement of the new nuclear capacity under the existing IRP. However, The South African High Court subsequently found ministerial determinations underpinning the nuclear procurement plans to be unlawful and unconstitutional, ruling that the request for information, as well as various intergovernmental nuclear cooperation agreements, must be set aside.

A number of assumptions used in the IRP 2010 have since changed or not materialised, Radebe said. Electricity demand on the grid continues to decline, with total consumption for the fiscal year ending in March 2018 30% lower than that forecast in the previous IRP. Plant availability has been higher than the 80% assumed in IRP 2010, and most of a total of 18,000 MWe of new coal, pumped storage and renewable energy has now been connected to the grid, with the rest to be connected by 2022. The costs of new generation technologies, particularly wind and solar, has come down significantly, he said.

The IRP review process began in 2015 - a draft of the updated IRP issued in November 2016 called for 1359 MWe of new nuclear capacity to be built by 2037 - and Radebe said the latest draft had taken public input into account.

The review of the IRP had shown that the pace and scale of new capacity developments to 2030 must be curtailed compared to that projected in the IRP 2010, he said. "Without a policy intervention, some of the technologies in the IRP 2010 together with new technologies will not be deployed," Radebe noted.

South Africa's energy mix post-2030 will see a significant change as old coal power plants reach their end of life, Radebe said. The draft IRP calls for further studies to better inform its energy path further into the future, including detailed technical, cost and economic benefit analysis of "other clean energy technologies such clean coal technology, nuclear and others".

The new draft IRP will be open to public comment for 60 days.

-----

Earlier:

 SOUTH AFRICA: NEGATIVE GROWTH
2018, August, 3, 09:15:00

SOUTH AFRICA: NEGATIVE GROWTH

IMF - Amid a marked growth deceleration, some of South Africa’s economic and social achievements after the end of apartheid have recently unwound. While the economy is globally positioned, sophisticated, and diversified, gaps in physical infrastructure and education create large productivity differentials across sectors. Low consumer and business confidence has dampened productivity growth. Fast growing debt has constrained policy space. As a result, per-capita growth has turned negative, the poverty rate stands at around 40 percent, unemployment has crept up to 27 percent—almost twice that level for the youth—and income inequality is one of the highest globally.

 SOUTH AFRICA: NO BENEFITS
2018, June, 18, 13:45:00

SOUTH AFRICA: NO BENEFITS

IMF - South Africa’s potential is significant, yet growth over the past five years has not benefitted from the global recovery. The economy is globally positioned, sophisticated, and diversified, and several sectors—agribusiness, mining, manufacturing, and services—have capacity for expansion. Combined with strong institutions and a young workforce, opportunities are vast. However, several constraints have held growth back. Policy uncertainty and a regulatory environment not conducive to private investment have resulted in GDP growth rates that have not kept up with those of population growth, reducing income per capita, and hurting disproportionately the poor.

 SOUTH AFRICA'S EXPLORATION
2018, February, 7, 07:20:00

SOUTH AFRICA'S EXPLORATION

TOTAL - Total has signed an agreement to sell a 25% interest in the Exploration Block 11B/12B, offshore South Africa, to Qatar Petroleum. The transaction remains subject to regulatory approval.

 

 SOUTH AFRICA'S GAS UP
2018, February, 2, 12:05:00

SOUTH AFRICA'S GAS UP

EIA - South Africa is one of the world’s leading emitters of energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2), ranking fifteenth globally in 2015 and accounting for more than any other country in Africa. In an effort to reduce CO2 emissions, South Africa is planning to diversify its energy portfolio, replacing coal with lower CO2-emitting fuels such as natural gas and renewable sources. The country’s Intended National Determined Contribution, submitted as part of the Paris Agreement, plans for CO2 emissions to peak by 2025, remain flat for a decade, and begin to decline around 2035.

 WBG - AFRICA'S ECOMOMIC DIFFICULTIES
2017, April, 12, 17:30:00

WBG - AFRICA'S ECOMOMIC DIFFICULTIES

Nigeria, South Africa, and Angola, the continent’s largest economies, are seeing a rebound from the sharp slowdown in 2016, but the recovery has been slow due to insufficient adjustment to low commodity prices and policy uncertainty. Furthermore, several oil exporters in the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) are facing economic difficulties.

 SOUTH AFRICA UPGRADE: $2.7 BLN
2016, June, 7, 18:35:00

SOUTH AFRICA UPGRADE: $2.7 BLN

“South Africa’s oil refineries are not ready and will not be ready to produce Euro 4 standard fuel, let alone Euro 6, which the world is moving to by 2017 or 2020 in preparation for the introduction of more fuel-efficient vehicles,” he said in an opinion piece in Johannesburg-based Business Report newspaper Tuesday. “Our present crude-oil stocks are suitable for producing products of lower specifications, which means we need to stockpile higher-quality grades of crude oil.”

 S.AFRICA: 9 BLN BBL OIL
2014, October, 16, 21:20:00

S.AFRICA: 9 BLN BBL OIL

South African President Jacob Zuma outlined ambitious plans on Wednesday for oil andgas exploration in coastal waters that he said could contain as much as 9 billion barrels of crude and vast quantities of natural gas.

 

 

 

 

Tags: SOUTH, AFRICA, NUCLEAR,
SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC February, 18, 12:30:00

OIL PRICE: ABOVE $66

SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC February, 18, 12:25:00

OIL DEMAND GROWTH 1.4 MBD

SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC February, 18, 12:20:00

BRENT OIL: UNDERVALUED

SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC February, 18, 12:15:00

U.S. OIL PRODUCTION 11.9 MBD AGAIN

SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC February, 18, 12:10:00

BENEFIT FOR RUSSIA

SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC February, 18, 12:05:00

LATIN AMERICA ENERGY FORUM FEBRUARY 2019

All Publications »

Chronicle:

SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC
2019, February, 18, 12:00:00

БЫСТРАЯ СИЛА СИБИРИ

ГАЗПРОМ - Как отметил по итогам переговоров Алексей Миллер, «строительство газопровода „Сила Сибири“ идет с опережением графика, „Газпром“ начнет поставки газа в Китай раньше намеченного срока — уже с 1 декабря 2019 года».

SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC
2019, February, 18, 11:55:00

U.S. TIGHT OIL PRODUCTION 7 MBD

U.S. EIA - In December 2018, U.S. shale and tight plays produced about 65 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) of natural gas (70% of total U.S. dry gas production) and about 7 million barrels per day (b/d) of crude oil (60% of total U.S. oil production). A decade ago, in December 2008, shale gas and tight oil accounted for 16% of total U.S. gas production and about 12% of U.S. total crude oil production.

SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC
2019, February, 18, 11:50:00

U.S. SHALE NEED INVESTMENT

REUTERS - On Thursday, the regional price of crude was at a $1.10 a barrel premium to U.S. crude futures, the strongest in more than a year as companies including Parsley Energy, Pioneer Natural Resources, Goodrich Petroleum Corp have pared their exploration budgets, easing the constraints.

SOUTH AFRICA NUCLEAR STATIC
2019, February, 18, 11:45:00

U.S. INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION DOWN 0.6%

U.S. FRB - Industrial production decreased 0.6 percent in January after rising 0.1 percent in December.

All Publications »