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2020-11-05 12:25:00

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE DEFICIT DOWN

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE DEFICIT DOWN

U.S. BEA - November 4, 2020 - U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, September 2020

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis announced today that the goods and services deficit was $63.9 billion in September, down $3.2 billion from $67.0 billion in August, revised.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services Deficit
Deficit: $63.9 Billion -4.7%
Exports: $176.4 Billion +2.6%°
Imports: $240.2 Billion +0.5%°

Next release: December 4, 2020

(°) Statistical significance is not applicable or not measurable. Data adjusted for seasonality but not price changes

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, November 4, 2020

 

Exports, Imports, and Balance (exhibit 1) 

September exports were $176.4 billion, $4.4 billion more than August exports. September imports were $240.2 billion, $1.2 billion more than August imports. 

The September decrease in the goods and services deficit reflected a decrease in the goods deficit of $3.1 billion to $80.7 billion and an increase in the services surplus of less than $0.1 billion to $16.8 billion. 

Year-to-date, the goods and services deficit increased $38.5 billion, or 8.6 percent, from the same period in 2019. Exports decreased $329.0 billion or 17.4 percent. Imports decreased $290.4 billion or 12.4 percent. 

Three-Month Moving Averages (exhibit 2) 

The average goods and services deficit increased $3.5 billion to $64.8 billion for the three months ending in September. 

  • Average exports increased $7.0 billion to $172.2 billion in September.
  • Average imports increased $10.4 billion to $237.0 billion in September. 

Year-over-year, the average goods and services deficit increased $14.9 billion from the three months ending in September 2019. 

  • Average exports decreased $37.9 billion from September 2019.
  • Average imports decreased $23.0 billion from September 2019. 

Exports (exhibits 3, 6, and 7) 

Exports of goods increased $3.7 billion to $122.8 billion in September. 

  Exports of goods on a Census basis increased $3.8 billion. 

  • Foods, feeds, and beverages increased $1.6 billion.
    • Soybeans increased $1.4 billion.
  • Capital goods increased $1.4 billion.
    • Telecommunications equipment increased $0.4 billion.
    • Industrial engines increased $0.3 billion.
    • Computer accessories increased $0.2 billion. 

  Net balance of payments adjustments decreased $0.1 billion. 

Exports of services increased $0.7 billion to $53.6 billion in September. 

  • Transport increased $0.2 billion.
  • Travel increased $0.1 billion.
  • Financial services increased $0.1 billion.
  • Other business services increased $0.1 billion. 

Imports (exhibits 4, 6, and 8) 

Imports of goods increased $0.6 billion to $203.5 billion in September. 

  Imports of goods on a Census basis increased $0.1 billion. 

  • Automotive vehicles, parts, and engines increased $3.2 billion.Capital goods increased $0.8 billion.
    • Passenger cars increased $2.4 billion.
  • Consumer goods decreased $2.1 billion.
    • Cell phones and other household goods decreased $2.3 billion.
  • Industrial supplies and materials decreased $1.3 billion.
    • Finished metal shapes decreased $1.4 billion. 

  Net balance of payments adjustments increased $0.5 billion. 

Imports of services increased $0.6 billion to $36.8 billion in September. 

  • Travel increased $0.3 billion.
  • Transport increased $0.2 billion. 

Real Goods in 2012 Dollars – Census Basis (exhibit 11) 

The real goods deficit decreased $4.8 billion to $87.6 billion in September. 

  • Real exports of goods increased $3.4 billion to $140.1 billion.
  • Real imports of goods decreased $1.4 billion to $227.7 billion. 

Revisions 

Revisions to August exports 

  • Exports of goods were revised down less than $0.1 billion.
  • Exports of services were revised up $0.1 billion. 

Revisions to August imports 

  • Imports of goods were revised down $0.1 billion.
  • Imports of services were revised up less than $0.1 billion. 

Goods by Selected Countries and Areas: Monthly – Census Basis (exhibit 19) 

The September figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with South and Central America ($2.5), OPEC ($1.4), Hong Kong ($1.3), Brazil ($1.1), United Kingdom ($0.8), Singapore ($0.3), and Saudi Arabia ($0.2). Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars, with China ($24.3), European Union ($17.3), Mexico ($10.7), Japan ($5.6), Germany ($5.6), Italy ($2.7), Taiwan ($2.7), India ($2.7), South Korea ($2.2), Canada ($1.4), and France ($1.1). 

  • The deficit with China decreased $2.1 billion to $24.3 billion in September. Exports increased $0.8 billion to $12.0 billion and imports decreased $1.3 billion to $36.4 billion.
  • The deficit with Mexico decreased $1.8 billion to $10.7 billion in September. Exports increased $1.3 billion to $18.5 billion and imports decreased $0.5 billion to $29.2 billion.
  • The deficit with the European Union increased $1.6 billion to $17.3 billion in September. Exports increased $0.3 billion to $19.6 billion and imports increased $1.9 billion to $36.9 billion.

 

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