RUS | ENG | All
Enter the email or login, that you used for registration.
If you do not remember your password, simply leave this field blank and you will receive a new, along with a link to activate.

Not registered yet?
Welcome!

2022-02-04 10:35:00

RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN

RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN

FPT - Feb 2022 -  The Yamal peninsula located in the foothills of the Russian Polar Urals, a vast mountain range that runs north-to-south from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to north-western Kazakhstan, is set to become the unlikely home of a new state-of-the-art renewable energy-powered research centre.

Called Snowflake – but also known by the less eloquent ‘Arctic Hydrogen Energy Applications and Demonstrations’ project – the facility will be a year-round scientific hub for the development, testing and maturation of carbon-free technologies robust enough to operate in extreme Arctic conditions. Its developers say it will also be the first in the world to be powered entirely by onsite wind power, full-cycle hydrogen, lithium batteries and thermal storage.

The $27m project is the brainchild of researchers at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), including Yury Vasiliev, executive director of the Institute of Arctic Technologies at MIPT, and will mark Russia’s Chairmanship of the Arctic Council.

“The project has two main focuses,” explains Vasiliev. “The first is to prove to engineers, the government, research companies and international partners that hydrogen and renewable energy is ready today and safe; we can use it right now.

“The second, which is more important, is that we are not just building a hotel for engineers, but a testbed for different technologies that can be tested and demonstrated at a real Arctic site and hopefully, eventually be mass produced.”

Tackling complex climes

Consisting of seven dome-like structures, the Snowflake includes residential units for up to 80 people – 60 visitors and 20 personnel – as well as a gym, conference hall, labs, and maintenance rooms. The project is expected to open its doors in a testing capacity as early as 2024.

But, as Vasiliev alludes to, the real challenge for the project is realising its fossil-free dream amid the harsh Arctic climate. Conditions in the Yamal region, which is also the heart of Russia’s gas production, are stark: the mountainous terrain can reach temperatures as low as -60oC, with high wind speeds.

Typically, facilities and the 44 villages in the Yamal region use diesel generators for power, for which large diesel containers need to be delivered. The Snowflake will be different. For the centre, researchers plan to build wind-powered electrolysers to generate hydrogen from pure water, along with 100MWh of hydrogen storage.

The ambition extends, or perhaps is a huge leap, from a much smaller pilot project MIPT has been running in Laborovaya village, Yama. The initiative is aimed at decreasing local dependency on diesel generators, and researchers have been exploring ways to adapt them into hybrid power systems, incorporating wind turbines, solar panels, and lithium batteries. This year they will put a new hybrid power plant into annual test mode, after which they will decide whether to replicate it in other villages.

For this, four 50KW wind turbines have been operating in the region for four years. In November a new model, which will also be used for the Snowflake facility, produced by Chinese manufacturers in Shanghai was installed. These turbines have given researchers some experience and understanding on how to run wind power in such icy climes.

Studies have shown that wind turbines operating in icy conditions can collect ice and snow on their blades which can disrupt energy production by up to 80%and can be hazardous for maintenance crews. In February 2021, as much as half of the wind power capacity came offline in Texas, US due to the extreme cold.

Therefore, the Snowflake turbines had to be specially adapted with an integrated anti-freezing mechanism added, as well as control and power electronic systems changed.

State-supported research

Unlike the Laborovaya pilot project, which is required to make a return on investment in 12 years, Snowflake will have the luxury of using the technology without commercial restraints. The project is funded by a combination of local and federal government and private investors working in Yamal region.

“Therefore, we think we are ready to make a wind farm with seven turbines for Snowflake,” says Vasiliev. “We’ve had several months to test this new machine in case we need to make any changes ahead of using it at the Snowflake centre.”

Researchers are also studying up to 80 years’ worth of local metro station weather data closely, which has provided loading calculations to plan energy usage better.

From the data they know that from the start of November until the 31 of March, it will be most difficult to generate power, due to polar nights when the sun never rises. The contingency plan is to use lithium batteries with a few hours’ capacity, thermal storage for heat and fuel-cell batteries for both electrical and thermal energy.

“Diesel generators will be onsite for emergencies and for the first few years we might be forced to turn them on during the winter months, but forecasting data suggests they shouldn’t be needed after that,” explains Vasiliev.

But considering the scale of the project, and the fact that Vasiliev says the cost of the project has already doubled due to increases in raw materials, will its current funding budget be enough?

“Yes, I'm confident, we have very good support,” he says. “The federal ministry and Yamal Government thought it was a very good project from the start, quite ambitious, and that it was time to do something very interesting.”

The project is also an important step for Russia to begin minimising its carbon footprint. Already established as a major oil and gas producing state, it surprised its climate critics last year by requiring businesses to report their greenhouse gas emissions, which has largely been seen as the country’s first steps towards carbon regulation to combat climate change.

In 2019, Russia joined the Paris Climate Accord with an ambition to cut its 2030 emissions to 70% of 1990 levels, and in December 2021, researchers first presented the Snowflake project to president Vladimir Putin.

Collaboration is key

MIPT is already in the process of preparing the different test beds that will support technology developments in energy, construction, heat and water supply, telecommunications and medicine.

Under the energy discipline, researchers are working on all-terrain vehicles using hydrogen, including hydrogen-powered drones, hydrogen fuel cells using ammonia and others that they hope will be ready for testing and demonstrating at the Snowflake centre in 2024 ahead of mass production.

It’s anticipated that as weather conditions become more extreme due to climate change – as seen during the big Texas freeze last year – technologies that can operate in extreme climates will grow in importance.

Researchers also plan to present and introduce the technologies with Yamal indigenous nomadic communities who pass through the site on a bi-annual pilgrimage. In fact, Vasiliev is keen to stress that international and local outreach and collaboration is integral to the project and central to its research and development approach.

“We don't have all the answers to all the questions, we want to work with engineers, students, researchers, partners, from other sides of Russia and internationally,” says Vasiliev. “We want to attract partners to do common experimental works, not just in hydrogen but in other renewable energies and in other disciplines.”

He adds that there is even scope to tweak design documents if a new idea or collaborative project requires specific infrastructure.

“If an international partner tells us ‘please make some additional space or energy for something’ we can do that,” he concludes.

-----


Earlier:

RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2022, January, 17, 11:50:00
ЧИСТАЯ ЭНЕРГЕТИКА РОССИИ
"Россия привержена климатической повестке и мировой декарбонизации. При этом надо учитывать, что глобальное потребление энергии растёт, в ближайшие 15–20 лет оно увеличится ещё на 30%. Поэтому в первую очередь нужно учитывать вопросы энергобезопасности", – подчеркнул вице-премьер.
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2022, January, 14, 12:20:00
ВОЗОБНОВЛЯЕМАЯ ЭНЕРГЕТИКА РОССИИ
«В энергосистеме страны к сегодняшнему моменту уже работает порядка 4,5 ГВт генерирующих объектов ВИЭ, и это только солнечная и ветровая энергетика. Если говорить о «большой» гидрогенерации, по которой Россия является одним из мировых лидеров, она составляет 20,8% установленных мощностей российской энергетики»,
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2021, December, 20, 12:30:00
УГЛЕРОДНАЯ НЕЙТРАЛЬНОСТЬ РОССИИ 2060
Россия ставит перед собой задачу достичь углеродной нейтральности к 2060 году и активно работает над «озеленением» своего энергетического баланса
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2021, December, 2, 12:20:00
КЛИМАТИЧЕСКАЯ НЕЙТРАЛЬНОСТЬ РОССИИ 2060
Свои обязательства по сокращению углеродной эмиссии Россия планирует выполнить к 2060 году, соответствующие планы ранее озвучивал Президент России Владимир Путин, напомнил Павел Сорокин.
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2021, December, 1, 16:05:00
ЭФФЕКТИВНАЯ ЭНЕРГОСИСТЕМА РОССИИ
«Российская электроэнергетика, как и страна, и мир в целом находится в условиях новых трендов и выбора дальнейшего пути развития. Они неоднозначны и требуют консолидированного подхода со стороны всех участников отрасли: потребителей, компаний, поставщиков, науки и государства», – отметил замминистра.
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2021, November, 30, 13:05:00
ВОДОРОДНАЯ ЭНЕРГЕТИКА РОССИИ
Дмитрий Чернышенко отметил, что у России большой потенциал в области торговли водородом. Поставлена цель – к 2030 году занять 20% международного рынка.
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2021, November, 23, 12:10:00
RUSSIAN NUCLEAR HYDROGEN
Providing consumers in underdeveloped and remote regions of Russia with reliable, high-quality and environmentally acceptable energy sources with a capacity of up to 400kW, designed for operation in extreme natural and climatic conditions, is a priority task for development of the Russian Arctic.
All Publications »
Tags: RUSSIA, WIND, HYDROGEN, RENEWABLE, CLIMATE
Chronicle:
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2022, October, 6, 13:04:00
2022 SAUDI PIPELINES INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXIBITIONS
Eventat Co (a Saudi local company) is hosting the first-ever “2022 Saudi Pipelines International Conference & Exhibitions” from 4-6 October, 2022 at the Dhahran Expo, Dammam (Eastern Province), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The three-day conference and exhibition are dedicated to bringing together over “50+ Regional/International speakers, 100+ Sponsors/Exhibitors, 1000+ Delegates and 3000+ Visitors” from around the globe who carry significant interest in enhancing the pipelines lifecycle for the current and future.
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2022, October, 6, 13:03:00
INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS AND EXIBITION TURKEY & BLACK SEA OIL AND GAS
International Congress and Exhibition Turkey & Black Sea Oil and Gas is an international, professional platform, bringing together over 200 C-suite executives from vertically integrated oil companies, general directors, CTOs of oil refineries, gas processing plants and petrochemical facilities, initiators of investment projects on oil and gas extraction from Turkey and countries of the Black Sea area, officials of regulatory authorities, licensors of production technologies and world suppliers for the industry.
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2022, October, 6, 13:02:00
TRANSPORTATION OIL AND GAS CONGRASS 2023 (TOGC 2023)
Transportation Oil and Gas Congress 2023 (TOGC 2023) takes place on February 20-21, 2023. The Congress brings together representatives from the whole pipeline chain and focuses on both strategic and technical issues of the oil and gas pipeline transportation.
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2022, October, 6, 13:01:00
Pipelines In A Sustainable Future And Other Highlights Of TOGC 2023(TOGC 2023)
Transportation Oil and Gas Congress (TOGC) is held on February, 20-21, 2023, Istanbul, Türkiye. During 2 days of intensive networking participants get direct access to the whole pipeline chain. Among the highlights of the program are Panels, show type sessions based on discussion between panelists. They discuss the role of pipelines in a sustainable future, digital transformation and optimization of the pipeline industry, pipeline economics and pipeline integrity, H2 in Gas Grid.
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2022, October, 6, 13:00:00
RUSSIAN NUCLEAR FOR BRAZIL
Russia and Brazil already have ties in the nuclear energy field with an MoU signed in 2017 by Rosatom and Brazil’s Electrobras and Electonuclear to promote cooperation in nuclear power.
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2022, October, 6, 12:59:00
9TH INTERNATIONAL LNG CONGRESS LNGCON 2023
9th International LNG Congress (LNGCON 2023) 6-7 March, 2023 Link to the Congress website: https://bit.ly/3tXVmr7
RUSSIAN ARCTIC WINDY HYDROGEN
2022, October, 6, 12:58:00
DISCUSSING LNG MARKET TRENDS AT LNGCON 2023
The closed-door International LNG Congress 2023 assembles top-level management and technical representatives of the LNG industry to discuss prevailing questions and present innovative solutions in Dusseldorf, Germany on March, 6-7, 2023.
All Publications »